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drdonna Chapter 16

direct instruction approach teacher-centered method of teaching where the teacher controls instruction with high expectations of students
constructivist approach learner-centered approach that emphasizes individual's active, cognitive construction of knowledge and understanding with teacher guidance
Montessori approach philosophy of teaching children by givng considerable freedom and spontaneity in choosing their activiteis and being allowed to move from one activity to the next as they desire
Project Head Start compensatory education designed to provide children from low-income families the opportunity to acquire skills needed for school success
top-dog phenomenon circumstance of moving from the top position in elemntary school to the youngest in middle school
learning disabilities signficant deficit in learning involving languge, listening, thinking, speaking, reading, writing, and math along with average or above average intelligence
ADHD a disorder in which individuals consistently show inattention, hyperactivity and/or impulsivity
ASD disorder characterized by problems with social interactions, verbal and nonverbal communication, and repetitive behaviors
LRE setting that is similar to general classroom where child with disability can succeed
inclusion educating children with disabilities full-time in the general classroom
IEP a written plan that details the goals and objectives related to a child's learning capacity, specially constructed to meet his/her needs and provide educational benefits
extrinsic motivataion doing something to obtain something else
intrinsic motivation doing something for its own sake
self-efficacy belief that one can master a situation and produce favorable outcomes
helpless orientation orientation in which one seems trapped by the experience of difficulty and attributes one's difficulty to lack of ability
mindset cognitive vie individuals develop for themselves that either is fixed or involves growth
mastery orientation perspective in which one is task-oriented
Created by: drdonna
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