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WGU-IWC1-Part 8


Suite A set of short musical movements, for one or any combination of instruments, or for orchestra, played in a specific order
Oratorio A multi-sectional work for vocalists and orchestra, which uses the same structural elements as opera, without the use of scenery, setting, and costume
Opera A fully produced, multi-section work for the theater whose text or (or libretto) is primarily sung by soloists and a chorus, and which is accompanied by instruments, usually a large orchestra
Consonance Two or more sounds that are pleasing to the ear when played simultaneously; harmonies that create stability in a composition
Meter Grouping of beats into meaures
Timbre The "color" of a tone, meaning which instrument plays it; the color of quality of the musical sound being produced.
Scale The frequency of notes heard in ascending or descending order
Harmony Two or more tones played or sung at the same time; the composition and progression of chords, simultaneous sounds, and counterpoint
Sonata An extended multi-movement work generally for a solo instrumentalist
Tone A single not of a definite frequency
Symphony A full orchestral work usually in four movements
Etude An instrumental musical composition designed to provoke practice material for perfecting a particular technical skill in a solo instrument
Tempo Measured pace at which a composition is played
Concerto Composition for soloist and orchestra in three movements (first and third movements fast, second movement slow)
Melody Succession of tones in a given sequence that possesses certain subjective qualities-a perceivable coherence, an inevitability, and sense of completion.
Dissonance Two or more sounds that are not pleasing to the ear when played simultaneously; unstable harmonies that create tension in a composition
Pitch Any sound that sets up regular vibrations in the air and is perceived as a discrete tone; that relative highness or lowness can be measured in vibrations per second
Counterpoint The simplest form of harmony which features two melodic lines (referred to as voices or parts) of equal value played against one another
Duration Persistence of a tone in time, meaning how long it lasts
Art music Music created for the Christian church, the European courts, and the concert halls, from the Middle Ages to the present; also called art music
Folk Music Music created by and for the common people of a particular region, or by a disadvantaged ethnic group or religious sect, orally transmitted
Beat In music, basic unit of rhythem
Motif In music, a brief but recognizable recurring fragment of a melody
Overture Orchestral work, usually in two or three contrasting sections, used as the introduction to an opera or other dramatic piece
Orchestra Instrumental ensemble that contains string, brass, woodwind, and percussion sections and typically plays classical or art music
Rhythm How musical sounds are organized temporally, or in time, employing stressed and unstressed beats.
Texture A component of orchestration, referring in a descriptive way to the number of instruments playing at any one time.
Theme A musical idea repeated through a compostion
Spirituals Religious songs originating among African-American slaves in the American South that fused aspects of African music and religion with Christian hymns
Ragtime music Music popular from 1900-1920 that preceded jazz, was influenced by African American songs and featured syncopated, or "ragged" rhythm
Blues Music Music developed in Southern African-American communities at the end of the 19th century that fused work songs, spirituals, and chants and featured a twelve-bar blues chord progression
Jazz Music Musical style developed by African-Americans at the beginning of the 20th century that is an amalgamation of African and European music, featuring improvisation, syncopation, polyrhythms and the use of "swing time" (unequal notes)
Hip-hop Music Music developed in African-American communities during the late 1970s that features rhythmic and rhyming speech (rapping) and a 4/4 beat
World Music Term for global music (generally non-western) that is "discovered" by western audiences
Avant-garde music Term for post-1945 music that uses strange or innovative elements or combines different genres
Aria Long, accompanied song for a solo voice, typically found in an opera or ortorio
Interval The difference in pitch between tones, usually expressed in the number of steps.
Created by: efrady



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