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HST 1 FINAL

QuestionAnswer
Study of processes of living organisms why/how they work physiology
Contains digestive enzymes and destroys old cells lysosome
Four main groups of tissues nerve connective epithelial muscle tissue
tissue that lines the intestinal and respiratory tracts and forms body glands epithelial
Body system that includes the nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, and bronchi Respiratory system
Body System that carries tissue fluid and wastes too the blood and assists with fighting infection Lymphatic System
Body System protects body from injury, infection and dehydration Integumentary System
Body System that filters blood to maintain fluid and electrolyte balance Urinary System
Body plane that divides body into right and left midsaggital
Body parts in front of body Anterior, ventral
Body parts close to midsaggital plane Medial
Long shaft of a bone Diaphysis
Material in bone that produces red blood cells, platelets, and some white blood cells Red Marrow
Areas where two or more bones join together joints
Basic structural unit of the nervous system Neuron
Nerve fiber that carries impulses toward the cell body Dendrite
Sensory nerves that carry messages from all parts of the body Afferens
Part of brain responsible for muscle coordination,balance, posture and muscle tone. Athletic part of brain Cerebellum
Part of brain responsible for conducting impulses between brain parts Mid Brain
Part of Brain responsible for thought, reasoning, memory, speech, and voluntary movement. Thinking/ Aware part of brain Cerebrum
Cerebrospinal Fluid produced by structures called Choroid Plexus
Division of autonomic nervous system (Acts in time of emergencies) Sympathetic
Extreme accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain Hydrocephalus
Abnormal electrical impulses in neurons of the brain Epilepsy
Inflammation of nerve cells cause by the herpes virus Shingles
Chronic, progressive, disabling condition resulting froom a degeneration of the myelin sheath. multi sclorosis
Projections on tongue Papillae
muscle layer of heart myocurdium
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart Arteries
Blood vessels that contain valves to prevent blood from flowing backwards vein
blood average adult has in body 4-6 quarts
Largest artery in the body Aorta
Blood cells that contain hemoglobin erythrocytes
# of erythrocytes in 1 cubic millimeter of blood 4.5 to 5.5 million
Bright red color of blood indicates Hemoglobin
Blood cells that fight infections white blood cells
Chamber of the heart that receives DEOXYGENATED blood as it returns from body cells Right atrium
Chamber of the heart that receives OXYGENATED blood as it is returned from the lungs Left Atrium
Valve between right atrium and right ventricle that prevents blood from flowing back into the right atrium Tricuspid
Normal thrombocyte count per cubic millimeter of blood 250,000 to 400,000
Inherited disease that occurs almost exclusively in males and in which the blood is unable to clot hemophilia
Inflammation of a vein with the formation of a clot Thrombophlebitis
Leukocytes that provide immunity for the body by developing antibodies and protect against the formation of cancer cells are.. lymphocytes
Dilated, swollen veins that have lost elasticity and cause stasis, or decreased blood flow, are.. Varicose Veins
Pharyngeal tonsils are located in.. Nasopharynx
Esophagus and trachea branch off of the... Larynopharynx
Correct name for the voice box Larynx
The structures that allow for the oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs and blood Aveoli
In order to carry air to both lungs, the trachea branches into two tubes called Bronchi
membrane of sac that enclose each lung Pleura
when cells use oxygen and nutrients to produce energy, water, and Carbon Dioxide is called Cellular Respiration
Respiratory disorder caused by sensitivity to an allergen Asthma
Noninfectious, chronic respiratory condition that occurs when the walls of the aveoli deteriorate and lose their elasticity Emphysema
Correct terms for a nosebleed Epistaxis
They bony structure that forms the rood of the mouth is Hard palate or mandible
Salivary glands produce salivary amylase, which... Begins breakdown of curbs and starches
Folds in mucous membrane lining of the stomach are called.. rugae
Circular muscle between the stomach and small intestine that keeps food in the stomach.. Diaphragm
Enzyme in the stomach that begins the chemical breakdown of fats is.. lipase/ steapsim
First section of large intestine Cecum
Walls of the small intestine are lined with finger like projections Villi
Organ behind the stomach that produces enzymes and the hormone insulin Pancreas
Function of bile is to Emulsify fats in digestive tracts
Chronic destruction of liver cells accompanied by the formation of fibrous connective and scar tissue Cirrhosis
The presence of gallstones in the gallbladder is Cholelithiasis
Major cause of peptic or duodenal ulcer is Helicobacter pylori
Created by: AllieRochelle12
 

 



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