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WGU-IWC1-Part 5

History of Art and Art Criticism

TermDefinition
Paleolithic Art Art of hunter-gatherer nomadic tribes of the Old Stone Age, circa 40,000-10,000 B.C.E
Mesolithic Art Art of the Middle Stone Age, circa 10,000-8,000 B.C.E
Neolithic Art Art of the late Stone Age, circa 8,000-3,000 B.C.E.
Doric Order The simplest of the classical Greek architectural styles, featuring unadorned columns with no base
Ionic Order Classical Greek architectural style that features a fluted column, shaft, capitals with volutes (spiral scroll-like ornaments) and a large base
Corinthian Order The most decorative of the classical Greek architectural styles, featuring a fluted column shaft, capitals with flowers and leaves below a small scroll, and a large base; used more by the Romans
Romanesque Art Artwork of Central Northern Europe which reflected Roman, Eastern, and Byzantine influences, from 10th to mid 12th century
Gothic Art Artwork of Central and Northern Europe which reflected Christian, and the secular, themes, from mid-12th to the 15th century.
Reformation Art Art movement of the 16th century, largely in Northern Europe, that reflected religious views of Protestant Reformation.
Mannerism Art movement of the Late Renaissance that emphasized artificially,clashing colors, and emotional themes.
Modernism Artistic movement of the late 19th and 20th centuries which challenged traditional representational art forms and developed new styles and forms.
Renaissance Period in Western History, from the 14th through the 16th centuries, marked by a revival of interest in the culture of Greco-Roman antiquity and flourishing of artistic and intellectual achievement.
Baroque Art Art movement of the 17th and early 18th century supported by the Catholic Church that emphasized religious fervor, realism, and theatrical architecture.
Rococo Late Baroque artistic style that was lighter and more playful and used ornate decoration, pastel colors, and asymmetrical arrangement of shell-like curves.
Neoclassicism Art movement of the 18th century that drew Greek and Roman art for models of harmony, idealized realism, and reason.
Romanticism Art movement of the early 19th century that stressed passion, emotion, and exotic settings with dramatic action; response to rationalism of Neoclassicism.
Realism Art movement second half of the 19th century that emphasized objective portrayals of the world with a critique of the established social and political order; response to idealized Romantic Art.
Victorian photography Photography in the 19th century that experimented with realistic portraits and images of literary and biblical scenes.
Pictorialism A school of photography that employed soft focus, special filters and lens coatings, darkroom manipulation, and innovative printing processes to try to match the aesthetic effects of painting and printmaking.
Impressionism Art movement of the late 19th-early 20th century that emphasized simplified composition and the effect of light and color to capture a painter's visual impression.
Post-Impressionism Art movement of the early 20th century that while influenced by impressionism emphasized a greater concern for expression, structure, form, and emotional response.
Art Nouveau Art movement of the late 19th century-early 20th century that favored sinuous lines, curves, and organic motifs, such as plants and flowers.
Fauvism Art movement of the early 20th century that emphasized spontaneous, bold reactions to nature and employed vibrant, wild colors.
Cubism Art movement of the early 20th century that stressed the two-dimensionality of painting as observed subjects were converted into geometric shapes
Geometric Abstraction Art movement of the early 20th century that stressed the two dimensionality of painting as observed subjects were converted into geometric shapes
Surrealism Art movement of the early 20th century influenced by Freud's focus on dreams that assembled realistic forms in fantastical contexts
Bauhaus German art and architectural style of early 20th century known for its simplicity, functionalism, and craftsmanship.
Dadaism Anti-establishment artistic movement that emerged in Europe in reaction to the horrors of World War One
Expressionism Art Movement of early 20th century that emphasized subjective feelings above objective observations and focused on conveying emotions
Abstract Expressionism Art movement of mid-20th century that emphasized spontaneous and dramatic personal expression in large abstract paintings
Minimalism Art movement of mid-20th century that emphasized nonrepresentational style of sculpture and painting.
Pop Art Art movement of mid-20th century which emphasized existing popular images and cultural artifacts, often mimicking mass-produced consumer products.
Post-Modernism Art style which embraces an eclectic combination of all styles and periods in works of art and does not differentiate between high art and popular (or low) art, often mixing informal and formal elements.
Harlem Renaissance Period of vibrant African-American cultural and intellectual life during the 1920s and 1930s, centered in New York City's Harlem neighborhood.
Created by: efrady
 

 



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