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Howes Acting Exam

TermDefinition
The movement of any part of the body to help express something Gesture
Expressing ideas to another person without using words Nonverbal Communication
The firmness or solidity of an object Resistance
The act of acting without words Pantomime
Moving from one place to another on stage Cross
Any stage not classified as a proscenium, thrust, or arena. Flexible Staging
The area where the players perform; usually a raised platform. Stage
The part of the stage extending past the proscenium arch toward the audience. Apron
Offstage spaces to the sides of the acting area. Wings
A stage that extends into the seating area. The audience sits on three sides of the stage. Thrust Stage
A four-sided stage built like a box with one side cut away, enabling the audience to view the play as if it were in a picture frame. Proscenium Stage
A stage constructed so that the audience can sit on all sides; also known as “theatre in the round”. Arena Stage
The draperies covering the proscenium opening, separating the audience from the stage. Grand Drape
The area behind the stage and not seen by the audience. Offstage
Anything within the stage setting and visible to the audience. Onstage
The area onstage furthest away from the audience. Upstage
The area onstage closest to the audience. Downstage
Anything beyond the stage setting and not visible to the audience. Backstage
The area of the performance space where the audience sits, sometimes called “out front”. House
Nine divisions of the stage floor used by directors when moving actors or placing furniture. Acting Areas
Actors assume positions on stage of equal strength by opening up to the audience. Share
Position or turn the body more toward the audience. Open Up
Actors turn more toward the audience than they would in normal conversation. Cheat Out
Actor turns toward the center of the stage. Turn In
Actors turn more to the side of the stage. Turn Out
The arrangement of incidents that take place in a play. Plot
Introduces the audience to who, what, when, and why. Exposition
Series of complications or conflicts, which result in a turning point. Climax
The principle character who represents the main thought of the play. Protagonist
The character who opposes the principle character and stands in his/her way. Antagonist
Overall meaning or basic idea of a play. Theme
Tells the story through words or language. Diction
Includes the actor’s voices, as well as songs, instruments, recorded background sound, and even sound effects. Song
Includes all visual elements of production including scenery, props, lighting, costumes, makeup, stage movement, and dance. Spectacle
A major division of a play. Act
Further division of a play into sections often based on the setting, the location or passing of time. Scene
A play dealing with a serious situation; the protagonist is often defeated or dies. Tragedy
A play dealing with a serious subject, but the protagonist does not die. Drama
A play that presents the theme and characters is a humorous way. Comedy
The vibrant tone produced when sound waves strike the chambers of the throat, head, nose, and mouth. Resonance
The individual sound of a particular voice. Quality
Variety in pitch. Inflection
Relative highness or lowness of the voice at any given point. Pitch
The sound produced when nasal passages are blocked, leaving the voice flat. Nasality
Selection and pronunciation of words and their combination of speech. Diction
Relative strength, force, or intensity with which sound is made. Volume
Using correct vowel and consonant sounds in speech. Pronunciation
Speaking continuously on one level. Monotone
The speed at which words are spoken. Rate
To break into the speech of another character. Cut In
The last words, action, or technical effect that immediately precedes any line or business. Cue
Improvise stage business or conversation. Ad Lib
Any specific action performed on the stage. Business
To speak when someone else is speaking. Overlap
Giving an actor the freedom to move over the entire acting area. Taking the Stage
To leave the stage. Exit
A movement in the direction opposite to a cross to balance the stage. Countercross
To move onto the stage. Enter
The stage command for actors to take their positions at the opening of an act or scene. Places
A technical term, placing furnishings, pictures, and similar items to complete and balance the set. Dressing the Stage
Attracting attention from the person to whom the audience’s interest legitimately belongs. Stealing the Scene
The unstated or “between the lines” meaning an actor must draw from the script. Subtext
The movement or sweep of the play as it progresses. Pace
Terms used to refer to the stage from the actor’s point of view, not from that of the audience. Left and Right
A small acting part that has no lines. Walk-On
An acting role with very few lines. Bit Part
The main characters in a play or the named characters in a musical. Principle
The scenery for an act or scene. Set
All stage furnishings including furniture and those items brought onstage by actors. Properties
Created by: howesmi
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