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terminology week 3

acetylcholinesterase enzyme that degrades the neurotransmitter acetylcholine
Alzheimer's disease neurodegenerative disease that causes memory loss, behavioral changes, and immobility
anemia condition marked by the presence of an abnormally low number of red blood cells
ApoE4 allele defective form of apoliopoprotein E that is associated with Alzheimer's disease
avitaminosis any disease caused by vitamin deficiency or deficiency in metabolic conversion of a vitamin
basal ganglia subcortical nuclei located in the fore brain and brainstem that initiate, control and modulate movement and posture
bradykinesia slowness in initiating and carrying out voluntary movements
cluster headache intensely painful vascular headache that occurs in groups and produces pain on one side of the head
coenzyme compound that activates an enzyme
cofactor non-protein chemical compound that is bound to a protein and is required for the protein's biological activity
cognitive functions ability to take in information via the senses,process the details, commit the information to memory, and recall it when necessary
dementia condition associated with a loss of memory and cognition
fat-soluble vitamin vitamin that is soluble in fat and stored in body fat
hemoglobin iron-containing pigment on red blood cells that carries oxygen to the tissues
Huntington's disease progressive and degenerative disease of neurons that affects muscle movement, cognitive functions and emotions
hypervitaminosis disorder caused by the intake of too many vitamins
intrinsic factor naturally produced protein that is necessary for the absorption of vitamin B12
migraine vascular headache that is often accompanied by nausea and visual disturbances
neurodegeneration destruction of nerve cells
neurodegenerative disease disorder that results in progressive destruction of neurons
neuroprotective protects nerve cells from damage
nigrostriatal pathways pathways located in the substantia nigra that stimulate and inhibit movement
Parkinson's disease progressive disorder of the nervous system involving degeneration of dopeminergic neurons and causing impaired muscle movement
plaques sticky, dense substances composed of a protein called beta amyloid that fill the spaces between the neurons and interfere with the transmission of signals between neurons
pseudoparkinsonism adverse reaction to the administration of neuroleptics characterized by symptoms mimicking Parkinson's disease
substantia nigra part of the basal ganglia containing clusters of dopamine-producing neurons
supplement additive intended to compensate for a dietary deficiency
tangles twisted fibers made up of clumps of a protein called tau that interfere with nerve signal transmission
trace elements minerals that are required by the body in very small quantities
Created by: 1417208810