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Rx Week 1

pharmacology the study of drugs and their uses
pharmacodynamics the study of how the body respond to drugs
pharmacokinetics the absorption, distribution, metabolism, & excretion of drugs
Anatomy the study of body parts
physiology the science that deals with the function of cells, tissues, and organs of living organisms
pathology the study of how drugs change the course of disease
drug a chemical substance used in the diagnosis, treatment, cure, or prevention of a disease
therapeutic effect the desired or predicted physiological response the drug causes
side effects a drug's desirable or undesirable effects apart from the primary reason for giving the drug
major sources of drugs plants, animals, minerals, and chemicals
plant source the wildflower foxglove; from which digitalis is made
animal source insulin extracted from an animal source ( pig/cow)
mineral source sodium chloride is derived from a mineral source
chemical source Bactrim and Septra are synthetic drugs made from chemical sources
seven uses of drugs prevention, treatment, diagnosis, cure, contraceptive, health maintenance, palliative
drug standards are certain rules that products must meet required by law law states that all preparations called by the same drug name must be uniform strength, quality, and purity
drug standards are necessary * drugs differ in strength, quality, purity
chemical name describes the chemical composition and molecular structure of the drug
generic name is the official non-proprietary name assigned by the drug manufacturer with the approval of the United States Adopted Names (USAN)Council
official name usually the same as the generic name
brand/trade name A.K.A=proprietary name is the name under which the drug is sold by a specific manufacturer
3 drug references * Physicians desk reference (PDR) *United States Pharmacopia Dispensing information (USPDI) *handbook of non prescription drugs
drug card drug name, classification, action, use, dose, interactions, side effects
3 major drug laws *Orphan drug act 1983 *nutrition facts of 1992 *drug regulation & reform Act of 1978
federal agencies that enforce drug laws food and drug administrations drug enforcement administrations
health care workers need to know drug laws knowing the laws helps health workers protect themselves from errors and possible lawsuits, provide patient education, and enhance patient safety
Created by: MA2014



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