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Patho 1/2

Chpts 1 and 2

is the study of diseases that can cause abnormalities in the structure or function of various organ systems Pathology
the pattern of the body's response to some form of injury (function or structure) Disease
sequence of events producing cellular changes that lead to observable changes *manifestation) Pathogenesis
a patient's perception of hte disease symptom
manifestations that can be detected/ observed by a HCW sign
a group of signs or symptoms that characterize a specific abnormality syndrome
the study of hte cause of a disease etiology
the identification of a disease or condition diagnosis
the predicted course/outcome of a disease and the patient's prospects for recovery prognosis
destructs tissue; must reduce technique subtractive/ lytic/ destructive
adds to tissue; increase technique additive/ sclerotic
investigation of disease in a large group epidemiology
# of cases found in a given population prevalence
# of new cases found in a given population incidence
ratio of patients with a particulara disease during a given year per given unit of population morbidity rate
# of deaths caused by a particular disease averaged over a population mortality rate
diseases present at birth that result from genetic of environmental factors. congenital
caused by developmental disorders genetically transmitted from either parent to child through abnormalities of individual genes in chromosomes hereditary
disease that results from the body's reaction to a localized injurious agent. inflammtory
disease in which the body forms antibodies that injure a patient's own tissue autoimmune
disease caused by a deterioration of the body degenerative
disease caused by the disturbance of the normal physiologic functions of the body metabolic
disease that may result from mechanical forces such as crushing, twisting of a body part or from the effects of ionizing radiation on the body traumatic
disease that results in new, abnormal tissue growth neoplastic
calor/heat, rubor/redness, tumor/swelling, dolor/pain, loss of function 5 clinical signs of acute inflammation
results from an inflammatory reaction localized edema
occurs with pronounced swelling of subcutaneous tissues throughout the body generalized edema
interference with blood supply to an organ or part of an organ ischemia
localized area of ischemia necrosis within a tissue or organ infarction
accumulation of blood within the thoracic cavity hemothorax
accumulation of blood within the pericardium of the heart hemopericardium
accumulation of blood within the peritoneal cavity hemoperitoneum
accumulation of blood in a joint hemarthrosis
minimal hemorrhages into the skin or mucous membranes petechiae
slightly larger hemorrhages purpura
a large subcutaneous hematoma ecchymosis
Created by: 671470335