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Rome Unit - Darden

Ancient Rome Civilization - Darden

Define allies.
Define republic.
Define Senate.
Define assembly.
Define Patricians.
Define Plebeians.
Define tenement.
Define legionary.
Define palisades.
Define testudo.
Define stylus.
Define vellum.
Define trident.
Define Latins.
Define mosaic.
Define amphitheatre.
Define aqueduct.
Define bailiff (villicus)
T/F - Romans knew how their city began. False
What animal rescued the twins, Romulus and Remus? a she-wolf
The 3 main crops in Ancient Rome are corn, olives and ___________ grapes
The city of Rome is named after which twin? Romulus
The first Romans were conquered by the ______. Etruscans
Name the Etruscan King that Romans rebelled against. "Tarquin the Proud"
A ____________ means that power is shared between two men, called consuls. Republic
The ___________ is responsible for finance and foreign policy. Senate
The ____________ made the city's laws. Assembly
This term means "I forbid". Veto
Name the first emperor of Rome that came into power in 31BC. Octavian
Rome and __________ fought three great wars against each other. Carthage
The Emperor ____________ built a wall across northern Britain to keep out invaders. Hadrian
Name the volcano that erupted in AD79 that buried two towns in ash and cinder. Mt. Vesuvius
T/F- Cheap materials were used to construct insulae so walls cracked or roofs fell in. True
T/F - Women owned a spindle for spinning thread and a weaving frame to make cloth. True
____________ was a constant threat in homes and slums. Fire
At age ______ a noble could be elected as a praetor. age 39
Consuls commanded the army for what length of time or year(s)? One year
Most Romans wore a __________, a piece of cloth shaped like a blanket. a toga
Togas were made of wool until Rome began trading with __________. Egypt
Public _________ were a great sense of pleasure. baths
Roman men and women wore wigs and even false _________ when they lost their own. teeth
T/F - Most Romans had a poor opinion of shop keepers; believing they would sell themselves for the right price. True
The most prosperous trade was that of selling _________. oil
T/F - Ordinary Romans ate little meat. True
T/F - The main food was _________. Wheat flour that was made into bread or porridge
T/F - Athletic games such as the Olympics were very popular in Rome. False
T/F - Romans gambled heavily upon teams. True
Romans preferred the ___________ race. chariot
The Colosseum was built in what year? AD80
Name the 3 groups that were put into the area with lions and tigers. criminals, prisoners and Christians
Roman ____________ learned how to use both cranes and pulley's from the Greeks. engineers
Aqua Claudia and Aqua Marcia are ____________ aqueducts
Name an important river in Rome. River Tiber
T/F - Day travel was avoided due to robbery. False
Name the first great Roman road. Appia
________________ afforded safer and quicker travel. Roman roads
The trip to India took how long? one year
During wartime, life for a legionary is a mixture of camping, long marches, battles and _________. looting
T/F - Most soldiers were volunteers. True
How many days would a legionary walk a day? 18 or more
Romans copied _______________ religion and took over gods and goddesses under different names. Greek
Name the weapon that was used to hurl rocks and flaming darts. Catapult
T/F - Every public event included sacrifice to gods. True
T/F - Educated Romans no longer believed so strongly in religion and temples were collapsing due to neglect. True
Created by: cathydarden