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PatriciaAPPENDIX A/2

Common Medical Terms & Definitions by Body System

Cerbrospinal cerebr/o = cerebrum, spin/o=Spine al= pertaining to Pertaining to the brain and spinal cord
Cerebrovascular cerebr/o=cerebrum,vascul/o=vessel ar=pertaining to pertaining to the brain and blood vessels that supply it
epidural epi=above,upon; dur/a= dura mater al= pertaining to pertaining to above the dura mater
Epilepsy epi=upon lepsy = seizure A disorder of the central nervous system characterized by recurrent seizures
Meningitis mening/o = meninges itis=inflammation inflammation of the meninges of the brain
Neurologist neur/o=nerve, ologist=specialist in the study or treatment of A physician who specializes in diseases of the neurological system
Schizophrenia schiz/o=split phren/o=mind or diaphragm ia=condition of A type of psychosis in which the mind is said to be split from reality
Bradycardia brady=slow, cardi/o=heart, ia=pertaining to Thickening, loss of elasticity, and hardening of arterial walls
cardiologist cardio= heart, logist= specialist in the study or treatment of A physcian who specializes in diseases of the heart
cardiomyopathy cardio=heart, myo=muscle pathy=disease Disease of the heart muscle
Endocardium endo=within cardi=heart ium=structure, tissue membrane lining the cavities of the heart
Hypertension hyper=above or excessive tension High blood pressure
Hypoxemia hypo=below or deficient ox=oxygen emia=blood Too little oxygen in the blood
Myocarditis myo=muscle cardi=heart itis=inflammation Inflammation of the heart muscle
Myocardium myo=muscle cardi=heart ium=structure or tissue Heart muscle tissue
Pericardium peri=around or surrounding cardi=heart ium=structure or tissue Lining around the outside of the heart
Tachycardia tachy=fast card/o=heart ia=pertaining to Pertaining to a fast heart rate
Bronchitis bronch=bronchus itis=inflammation Inflammation of the bronchi
Dyspnea dys=difficult,painful pnea=breathing Difficult, painful or faulty breathing
Hypoxia hypo=deficient or below, oxi=oxygen, ia=condition A condition of deficient oxygen levels
Pharyngitis pharyng=pharynx itis=inflammation Inflammation of the pharynx
Pulmonologist pulmon/o=lungs, logist=specialist in the study or treatment of Specialist in dieseses of the lungs
Rhinoplasty rhino=nose plasty=surgical repair Surgical repair of the nose
Rhinorrhea Rhino=nose rrhea=flow,discharge Discharge from the nose
Spirometry spir/o=breathe;breath metry=process of measuring Measurement of breathing
Stethoscope steth/o=chest scope=instrument for viewing Instrument used to listen to lung and heart sounds through the chest wall
Arthritis arthr/o=joint itis=inflammation Inflammation of the joints
Bursitis burs/o=joint itis=inflammation Inflammation of the bursa, a fluid-filled sac around joints
Intramuscular intra=within, muscul/o=muscle ar=pertaining to Pertaining to within the muscle
Myalgia my/o=muscle algia=pain Muscle pain
Orthopedic Orth/o=straight podi=foot ic=pertaining to Literally, means pertaining to straight foot-pertaining to the study of diseases of the skeletal and muscular system
Tendinitis tendin=tendon itis=inflammation Inflammation of the tendon
Endocrinology end/o=within,in crine=secrete logy=study Study of the secreting glands that comprise the endocrine system
Hyperglycemia hyper=above or excessive, glyc/o=glucose,sugar emia=blood Too much sugar in the blood
Hyperthyroidism hyper=above or excessive, thyr/o=thyroid gland ism=condition Condition of too much thyroid hormone
Hypokalemia hypo=below or dificient, kal/i=potassium emia=blood Low blood potassium
Pancreatitis pancreat/o=pancreas itis=inflammation Inflammation of the pancreas
Autoimmune auto=self immune/o=protection The disorder characterized by abnormal function of the immune system that causes the body to produce antibodies against itself
Immunocompromised immune/o=protection compromise=compromise A condition in which the immune system has been compromised by disease or immunosuppressive agents.
Leukemia leuk/o=white emia=blood A malignant blood disease marked by abnormal white blood cells, or leukocytes.
Metastasis meta=beyond,after or change. stasis=stop or control The spread of cancer cells beyond the original site of the tumor through blood or lymph
Anemia an=not,without emia=blood A blood condition in which there is a reduction the number of red blood cells, hemoglobin, or the volume of packed red blood cells.
Hematology hem/o=blood logy=study of Medical study of the blood
Myeloma myel/o=bone marrow or spinal cord. oma=tumor Tumor of the bone marrow
Cholecystectomy cholecyst/o=gall bladder; ectomy=surgical removal,excision Surgical removal of the gall bladder
Cirrhosis cirr=yellow, osis=abnormal condition Chronic liver condition that causes yellowing of tissues.
Colonoscopy col/o=colon scopy=process of viewing Process of viewing the colon
Dyspepsia dys=difficult,painful. pepsia=digestion The condition of indigestion, or painful digestion
Dysphagia dys=difficult,painful. phag/o=eat or swallow. ia=pertaining to Pertaining to difficulty in eating or swallowing
Esophagitis esophag/o=esophagus itis=inflammation Inflammation of the esophagus
Gastroenterologist gastro=stomach enter/o=intestines ologist-specialist in the study or treatment of Specialist in the study or treatment of the stomach and intestines.
Nasogastric nas/o=nose gastr/o=stomach ic=pertaining to Pertaining to the nose and the stomach (e.g., a tube that travels from the nose to the stomach)
Pancreatitis pancreat/o=pancreas itis=inflammation Inflammation of the pancreas
Sublingual sub=below,under. lingua=tongue al=pertaining to Pertaining to under the tongue
Nephrectomy nephr/o=kidney ectomy=removal or incision Surgical removal of a kidney
Polyuria poly=many or excessive; ur/o=urinary tract ia=condition of Condition in which one urinates excessively
Pyelonephritis pyel/o=renal pelvis; nephr/o=kidney itis=inflammation Inflammation of the renal pelvis area of the kidney
Urologist ur/o=urinary tract; ologist=a specialist in the study or treatment of Physician who specializes in conditions of the urinary system
Conjunctivitis conjunctiv/o=conjunctiva; itis=inflammation Inflammation of the conjunctiva
Intraocular intra=within; ocul/o=eye ia=pertaining to Pertaining to the inside of the eye
Ophthalmologist ophthalm/o=eye; ia=pertaining to Specialist in diseases of the eye
optometry opt/o=eye metry=process of measuring Process of measuring the eye
Photophobia phot/o=light; phobia=abnormal fear Extreme sensitivity and discomfort from light
Myringitis myring/o=eardrum; itis=inflammation Inflammation of the tympanic membrane
Otitis ot/o=ear; itis=inflammation Inflammation of the ear
Dermatitis dermat/o=skin itis=inflammation Inflammation of the skin
Dermatologist dermat/o=skin ologist=specialist in the study or treatment of Specialist in the study of diseases of the skin
Epidermal epi=on, upon; derm/o=skin; al=pertaining to Pertaining to on the skin
Percutaneous Per=through; cutane/o=skin; ous=pertaining to Through the skin
Subsutaneous sub=below,under; cutane/o=skin ous=pertaining to Pertaining to below the skin
Gynecologist gyne/o=woman logist= a specialist in the study or treatment of A physician who specializes in the reproductive system of women
Hysterectomy hyster/o=uterus; ectomy=surgical removal,excision The surgical removal of the uterus
Mammogram mamm/o=breast gram=record An x-ray of the breast
Obstetrics obstetr/o-midwife, ic=pertaining to The specialty pertaining to the care and treatment of mother and fetus throughout pregnancy,childbirth, and the immediate postpartum period.
Vasectomy vas/o=vessel; ectomy=surgical removal,excision Excision of part of the vas deferens to produce male sterility
Created by: PatriciaThomas



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