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Pat APPENDIX A

Medical Terminology and Abbreviations

-ROOT WORDS
ante before, forward
anti againstt
bi two, double, both
brady slow
contra against, opposite
dys difficult, painful
endo within
epi above, upon
gynec/o woman
hemi half
hyper above, excessive
hypo below, inferior
inter between
intra within
mal bad, poor, abnormal
neo new
non not
para near, beside
per through
peri around, surrounding
poly many, excessive
post after
pre before, in front of
retro behind, backward, upward
semi half
sub below, under
syn together, with
tachy fast
tri three
algia pain
cyte cell
ectomy surgical removel, excision
emesis, vomit
emia blood
ism condition
itis inflammation
lepsy seizure
oid resembling; like
(o) logist specialist in the study or treatment of
(o)logy study of
oma tumor
osis abnormal condition
ostomy creation of an opening
otomy incision into
phobia abnormal fear
plasty surgical repair
pnea breathing
sclerosis hardening
stasis control, stop
abdomin/o abdomen
arteri/o artery
arthr/o joint
ather/o fat, fatty, plague
audi/o hearing, sound
aur/o ear
bronch/o bronchus
bronchiol/o bronchiole
bucc/o cheek
carcin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
cerebr/o cerebrum
coagul/o clotting
cyst/o bladder, sac
cyt/o cell
derm/o, dermat/o skin
electr/o electricity
encephal/o brain
gastr/o stomach
gyn/o, gyn/e, gynec/o woman
hemat/o, hem/o blood
hepat/o liver
hydr/o water, fluid
hyster/o uterus
immune/o protection
lip/o fat
lymph/o lymph
muc/o mucus
my/o muscle
narv/o sleep
nas/o nose
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
ocul/o, ophthalm/o, opt/o eye
or/o mouth
oste/o bone
pancreat/o pancreas
phleb/o vein
phot/o light
pneum/o lungs, air
proct/o rectum
psycho/o, psych/i mind or soul
quadr/i four
rect/o rectum
ren/o kidney
rhin/o nose
septi bacteria
thorac/o chest
thromb/o clot
trache/o trachea
urethr/o urethra
ven/o vein
a, an, ana no, not, without
Created by: PatriciaThomas
 

 



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