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RES 280 Test 3

Chapter 16 Interpreting Clinical Lab Data

QuestionAnswer
The total carbon dioxide (CO2) value is linked to what electrolyte in the blood serum? Bicarbonate (HCO3-)
Which of the following is NOT one of the formed elements in the blood? Electrolytes
Which of the following symptoms is least often associated with hypoglycemia? Shortness of breath
What should be done in response to a sputum sample that has many epithelial cells in it? Obtain new sputum sample
Which of the following values represents a normal serum potassium level? 3.5 to 4.8 mEq/L
Your patient has an elevated creatine kinase level. What two organs are most likely diseased? Heart and skeletal muscle
What term is used to describe a potassium concentration that is below normal in the blood serum? Hypokalemia
In which of the following clinical settings would hyperkalemia be a significant problem? During weaning from mechanical ventilation
Which of the following Gram stain results suggests the most legitimate sputum sample in a patient with pneumonia? Few epithelial cells and many pus cells
What is the upper limit of normal for the fasting blood glucose level? 140 mg/dl
What term is used to describe a red blood cell (RBC) count that is above normal values? Polycythemia
What term is used to describe a platelet count below normal? Thrombocytopenia
What term is used to describe a white blood cell (WBC) count that is above normal values? Polycythemia
What term is used to describe a platelet count below normal? Thrombocytopenia
What term is used to describe a white blood cell (WBC) count that is above normal values? Leukocytosis
What is the name used for immature neutrophils? Bands
Bands Cystic fibrosis
What type of white blood cell increases in response to allergic reactions? Eosinophils
What is the normal anion gap? 8 to 16 mEq/L
What term is used to describe a sodium concentration that is below normal in the blood serum? Hyponatremia
What term is used to describe a white blood cell (WBC) count that is below normal values? Leukopenia
What term is used to describe the increase in neutrophils due to recruitment of marginated cells back into the circulating blood? Pseudoneutrophilia
Your patient has an elevated aspartate aminotransferase (AST). What two organs are most likely diseased? heart and liver
What is indicated by an elevation of the anion gap? Metabolic acidosis
What term is used to describe a red blood cell (RBC) count that is below normal values? Anemia
What test is useful for evaluating the blood-clotting ability of your patient? Platelet count
What type of white blood cell increases in response to viral infections? Lymphocytes
Which of the following tests is used to evaluate renal function? Creatinine
What abnormality in the complete blood count is often seen in a patient with chronic lung disease that causes significant hypoxemia? Polycythemia
Which of the following is NOT a cause of leukopenia? Antibiotics
Which of the following statements is NOT true about type 1 and type 2 diabetes? Type 1 is most often due to increased caloric intake.
Created by: Cam1228