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115 week 4 terms

PHM 115 weeks 4 terminology

TermDefinition
antineoplastic medicatication used in the treatment of abnormal cells
benign tumor or growth that is not life threatening
biopsy surgical removal of a small piece of tissue for examination
bolus single dose of drug
cancer general term used to descrive malignant neoplasms or tumors
carcinogen substance or chemical that can increase the risk of developing cancer
chemotherapy type of treatment for cancer ustilizing toxic chemical substances
complementary & alternative medicine treatments that may include dietary supplements, herbal preparations, acupuncture, massage, magnet therapy, spiritual healing and meditation.
computed tomography diagnostic examination in which detailed pictures are taken inside the body
deoxyribonucleic acid complex nucleic acids tha are bases for genetic continuance
double contrast barium enema diagnostic test to examine the colon and rectum
excisional biopsy surgical procedure whereby a lump is removed for diagnosis
external radiation therapy that uses a machine to aim high energy rays at the cancer
implant radiation procedure in which radioactive material is placed into or near a tumor
invasive tendency for a tumor or mass to move into tissues or organs proximity
ionizing radiation high frequency that can lead to cancer at certain doses
leukemia cancer of the blood
lymphoma term used to describe a malignant disorder of lymphoid tissue
malignant invasive and destructive pattern of rapid, abnormal cell growth, often fatal
mammogram examination to detect breast cancer
melanoma malignant neoplasm of the pigmented cells of skin
metastasis spread of cancerous cells through the body to organs in distant areas
mitosis cellular reproduction that creates two identical daughter cells from the DNA of the parent cell
mortality being susceptible to death
mortality rate number of deaths that occur in a specific time period.
mutation unexpected change in the molecular structure within the DNA causing permanent change in cells
neoplasm abnormal tissue growth
oncogene gene that when mutated can transform a normal cell into a cancerous one
oncologist specialist in the area of cancer
pap test test in which cells from the cervix are examined
polyp growth that protrudes from a mucous membrane
positron emission tomography scan diagnostic exam used to dectect cancer cells
primary tumor orginal tumor
prostate specific antigen test test that measures level of free PSA
radiation therapy use of high energy radiation to kill cancer cells
radionuclide scan diagnostic test using radioactive material
radon radioactive gas that can lead to cancer
remission complete or partial disappearance of the sugns of cancer
sonogram computer image of internal organs and tissues
stage extent of cancer
stem cell type of cell
stem cell transplantation procedure used to replace cells destroyed by cancer
survival rate number of patients still alive after diagnosis
tumor mass of tissue
tumor marker substance found that may signal the presence of cancer.
Created by: dmhehr
 

 



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