Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

115 WK 3 notes

Final notes week 3 PHM 115

What is an antibiotic? a naturally occuring substance produced by one organism that is capable of destorying or inhibiting the growth of bacteria.
What is bactericidal? agents that destroy.
What is bacteriostatic? slows the growth.
Who is the host? YOU!
Penicillins, cephalosporins, cabapenems and monobactams are what? B-lactam antibiotics that inibit cell was synthesis.
What are the 5 classes of antiinfective agents? aminoglycosides, macrolides, tetracyclines, amphenicols, and oxzolidiones.
How do the last stated antiinfectives work? They interfer with the bacterias ability to replicate.
Rifampin inhibits what? Bacterial RNA synthesis.
Mechanisms of microbial resistance include what? Secretion of enzymes that inactivate the antibiotic, modification of the ribosomal target, production of antibiotic-modifying enzymes and mutation that change bacterial transport mechanism
Aminoglycosides are effective for treating what? aerobic gram-negative bacilli, staphylococcus, and mycobacterium.
Topical aminoglycosides are prescribed for the treatment of what? blepharitis and conjuctivitis.
Aminoglycosides inhibit bacterial protein synthesis. T or F? True!
Aminoglycosides are administered before what? colorectal surgery.
Serious adverse reactions include what two things? ototoxicity (hearing loss) and nephrotoxicity (kidney damage)
A test used to figure out if its gram negative or gram positive is what? Gram-stain test.
What are the generations of Cephs? 1st, 2nd, 3rd.
1st generations are most effective against what? gram +
2nd generation? Both gram + and gram -
3rd generation? gram negative and anaerobic bacteria.
What routes of aministration are used for Cephs? oral, IM and IV. One 3rd generation is parenterally.
Fluoroquinolones inhibit what? enzyme DNA gyrase.
Fluroquinolones are formulated for what routes? oral, opthmalmic and parenteral.
The FDA in 2007 did what? required package labels for telithromycin to indicate that the drug is contraindicated in individuals with myasthenia gravis due to risk of fatal respiratory failure.
Linezolid is a new antiinfective agent that is indicated for the treatment of gram + bacterial pneumonia and skin structuce infections. It is limited due to what? side effects and in order to the limit the development of bacterial resistance.
Linezolid does what? inhibits bacterial protein synthesis
Oral penicillins are used to treat what? upper resp, otitis media, skin and strep.
Ampicillin is used to treat what? PID
What are the differences between penicillins and carbapenems? P inhibit the synthesis of the cell wall. C inhibit the 3rd step in bacterial cell wall synthesis.
GI side effects are the most common adverse reaction with what? Penicillins.
Sulfonamides are the earliest what? antiinfective agents.
Tetracyclines do what? inhibit protein synthesis.
Isoniazid is used for what? TB
Chloramphenicol is what? A broad spectrum antiifective.
Clindamycin is used for what? Acne and vaginosis.
Created by: dmhehr



Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards