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Study Guide IV

Pharmacology

QuestionAnswer
Kidneys are the "washing machine of the blood" true
Nephrons are the working units of the kidneys true
Renin is an protein (enzyme) released into the bloodstream by special kidney cells true
Renin is released in response to decreasing salt (sodium) levels or low blood volume true
Renin plays a role in the release of aldosterone, a hormone that helps control the body's salt and water balance true
Aldosterone is the hormone released by the adrenal gland that directly effects blood pressure true
ADH (antidiuretic hormone) is released by the pituitary gland and it is directly related to blood pressure regulation true
Medications are used for which of the following to cure disease, to control disease, to prevent disease
Which of the following are diuretics mannitol, bumex, HCTZ, Lasix
Which of the following are eye meds for treatment of glaucoma Alphagan-P, Timoptic-XE, Patanol, Trusopt, Lumigan
What to the kidneys regulate blood plasma volume, concentration of waste products in the blood, eletrolyte concentrations, plasma acid-base balance
What causes pink eye bacterial or viral infection
Antiplatelet drugs work mainly on arterial thrombi, which are made of platelet particles. Identify four antiplatelet drugs Aggrenox, Presantine, Plavix, ASA
Which of the following are diuretics mannitol, bumex, lasix, HCTZ
Lanoxin is given by which route IV, PO
Which drugs should NOT be taken with ASA Coumadin, heparin, Plavix
Antiplatelet drugs work mainly on arterial thrombi, which are made of platelet particles. Identify 4 antiplatlet drugs Aggrenox, Persantine, Plavix, ASA
Two true statements about Lovenox it is given SubQ, it is used to prevent DVT after orthopedic surgery
What is true about Plavix it is only aval in 75mg and 300mg, it should be dc'd 7 days before surgery, major side effect is bleeding, used to reduce risk of stroke or MI in patients, slowy stops platelets frm sticking to blood vessel walls or injured tissues
Weight measurements 1 pound, 1 ounce of sugar, 1 oz tube of Benadryl cream
Convert 170 mcg to milligrams 170 / 1000 mcg = 0.17
What class of drug increase the forcefulness of the pumping of the heart but NOT the oxygen requirements cardiac glycusides
What class of drug is HCTZ diuretic
What is the most appropriate dosing schedule for LASIX 80mg QAM
Lanoxin is given by what routes IV, PO
Long acting form of propranolol Inderal-LA
Vasotec, Lotensin, and Capoten are examples of ace inhibitors
Anticoagulant drug avail in 1mg,2mg, 2.5mg, 3mg, 4mg, 5mg, 6mg, 7.5mg and 10 mg tabs Coumadin
What is the usual dosing range for NTG SL tabs when it is given for an angina attack 0.15mg-0.6mg
What is most likely to be stored in the narcotic vault CII and serostim-(growth hormone)
Once a clot is formed, heparin, Coumadin, or ASA CANNOT be used for treatment to dissolve the existing clot. What drug class must be used Thombolytics
According to federal law, what type of scrip can be transferred one time only controlled substance
What is the long acting form for Metoprolol Toprol-XL
What is the dosing range for Lanoxin 0.125-0.25mg
What is the long acting form for nifedipine procardia XL
The max amount for a dose given sub Q 1 mL
Drugs that treat CHF Ace Inhibitors, Cardiac Glycosides (Lanoxin), diuretics, NTG
Beta blockers should be dicontinued over ____ days to prevent rebound high blood pressure 7
What are two common strenghts of Lanoxin 0.125 mg and 0.25 mg
Most drugs are excreated throught the kidneys
ACE inhibitors ususally end in pril
Shake well before using suspension and some inhalers
What will NOT dissolve an existing blood clot Warfarin, Coumadin, Heparin
What will dissolve an existing blood clot TP-A, enzyemes (Streptoknase, Urinkanase)
Toprol-XL, Tenormin, Inderal and Lopressor are all examples of beta blockers
Generic names ending in -azosin Alpha blockers
The max amount for IM injection in the butt 4-5 mL
How many digits are contained in and NDC # 10
Tablet strenghts for Lasix 20, 40, 80 mg
Which drug used to treat glaucoma may cause light-colored eyes to turn brown Xalatan stored in frig
Generic names that end with -statin chloresterol
Loop diuretic 40xs stronger that Lasix bumex
What is the correct Centigrade temp for a pharmacy refrig 2-8 degrees c
This drug treats benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and is only avail in 0.4 mg capsule flomax
What is the purpose of diuretics edema, CHF, HTN
Macular degeneration is any eye disorder that involves the retina
Identify the classification for Lasix diuretic
Which drug is used as an antispasmodic and will turn the urine an red-orange color pyridium
Which of the following drugs is an inhibitor of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE Inhibitor) and is used to treat CHF and hypertension anything ending in -pril
Which organ is responsible for making new chlolesterol liver
NTG, Isordin, and Imdur are examples of anti anginals
Which class of drugar used to treat arrhythmia, myocardial infarction, angina, and hypertension beta blockers
Beta blockers may be used in combination with what other drug to reduce the risk of death or recurrence following a myocardial infarction ASA
Heparin, ASA, and Coumadin are all examples of Anti coagulant
Adenosine (Adenocard) treats certain heart conditions Antiarrhythmia
Created by: Leighlee49