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115 week 3 term

115 week 3 terminology

TermDefinition
antibiotic substance that kills or inhibits the growth of bacteria
antibiotic spectrum variety of microbes that a particular antibiotic can treat
antibiotic susceptibility identification of the antibiotics, by bacterial culture and sensitibity testing, that will be effective against specific bacteria
anti-infective natural or synthetic substance capable of destroying or inhibiting the growth of bacteria
antimicrobial substance that inhibits the growth of or kills microorganisms
bacteria group of unicellular, non-nucleated organisms
bactericidal able to destroy bacteria
bacteriostatic able to inhibit the reproduction of bacteria
beta lactamase enzyme secreted by some microbes that has the ability to destroy beta-lactam antibiotics
broad spectrum drug that is effective against both gram - and gram + pathogenic bacteria
cross-resistance development of resistance to one drug in a particular class that results in resistance to the other drugs in that class
empirical therapy when anti-infective treatment is started, but the organism responsible has not been identified, it is more important to start a treatment with high probability of success than to wait.
inhibit to keep a reaction from taking place
microbial resistance ability of bacteria to resist the effects of an anti-infective
normal flora microorganisms that reside harmlessly in the body and do not cause disease but may aid the host organism
nosocomial infection infection acquired during a stay in a hospital
parasite organism that requires a host for nourishment and reproduction
penicillinase an enzyme produced by various mircoorganisms which inactivates most of the penicillins
pneumonia inflammatory condition of the lungs
symbiotic close relationship between two species
Created by: dmhehr