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Society and Ethics

Technology Unit 2 vocabulary flashcards

TermDefinition
Data Facts and statistics used for reference and analysis.
Design Brief A written plan that identifies a problem to be solved, its criteria, and its constraints. The design brief is used to encourage thinking of all aspects of a problem before attempting a solution.
Design Process A systematic problem-solving strategy, with criteria and constraints, used to develop many possible solutions to solve a problem or satisfy human needs and wants and to winnow (narrow) down the possible solutions to one final choice.
Design Statement A part of a design brief that challenges the designer, describes what a design solution should do without describing how to solve the problem, and identifies the degree to which the solution must be executed.
Designer A person who designs a variety of things. This usually implies the task of creating drawings or in some ways uses visual cues to organize his or her work.
Detail Drawing A dimensioned, working drawing of a single part, also referred to as a part drawing.
Ecosystem A biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment.
Emphasis Special importance, value, or prominence given to something.
Engineer A person who is trained in and uses technological and scientific knowledge to solve practical problems.
Engineers Notebook A record of design ideas generated in the course of an engineer’s employment that others may not claim as their own. 2. An archival record of new ideas and engineering research achievements.
English System Also referred as the U.S Customary system. This measuring system based on the foot, second, and pound as the units of length, time and weight or mass.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) EPA is the acronym for the Environmental Protection Agency.
Ergonomics The study of workplace equipment design or how to design and arrange devices, machines, or work spaces so that people and things interact safely and most efficiently.
Ethical Conforming to an established set of principles or accepted professional standards of contact.
Ethics The moral principles governing or influencing conduct.
Evaluate To form and idea of the amount or value of,assess.
Evolution A gradual development.
Manufacture To make something, especially on a large scale using machinery.
Manufacturing Process The transformation of raw material into finished goods through one or more of the following: Casting and Molding, Shaping and Reshaping for forming, Shearing, Pulverizing, Machining, for material removal, or Joining by transforming using heat or chemical
Mock-Up Also referred to as the Appearance model. A model or replica of a machine or structure for instructional or experimental purposes.
Mode The value that occurs the most frequently in a given data set.
Model A visual, mathematical, or three-dimensional representation in detail of an object or design, often smaller than the original. A model is often used to test ideas, make changes to a design, and learn more about what would happen to a similar, real object.
Market Research The activity of gathering information about consumers’ needs and preferences.
Normal Size The designation of the size established for a commercial product.
Process 1.Human activities used to create, invent, design, transform, produce, control, maintain, and use products or systems; 2. A systematic sequence of actions that combines resources to produce an output
Non-Renewable Resource A resource or raw material that cannot be grown or replaced once used.
Product A tangible artifact produced by means of either human or mechanical work.
Profile An outline of something as seen from one side.
Normal Distribution A function that represents the distribution of variables as a symmetrical bell-shaped graph.
Problem Statement A part of design brief that clearly and concisely identifies a client’s or target consumer’s problem, need, or want.
Raw Material Any natural resource that is used to make finished products.
Repeatability The ability to replicate or duplicate a result.
Research The systematic study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions.
Residue A small amount of something that remains after the main part has gone or been taken or used.
Standard Something considered by an authority or general consent as a basis of comparison.
Product Lifecycle Stages a product goes through from concept and use to eventual withdrawal from the market place.
Statistics Collection of methods for planning experiments, obtaining data, organizing, summarizing, presenting, analyzing, interpreting, and drawing conclusions based on data.
Renewable Resources A resource or raw material that can be grown or replaced.
Occupation Safety and Health Administration(OSHA) A government organization whose mission is to assure the safety and health of America’s workers by setting and enforcing standards; providing training, outreach, and education; establishing partnerships; and encouraging continual improvement in workplace
Ethics(Powerpoint) Standards, rules or guidelines for morally or socially approved conduct such as being honest or trustworthy or acting in the best interest of a society.
Obligations Requirements arising from a person’s situation or circumstances (e.g., relationships, knowledge, position) that specify what must or must not be done for moral, legal, religious, or institutional reasons.
Software Piracy The illegal copying, distribution or use of software. Types of software piracy, for example, include: 1) purchasing a single user license and loading it onto multiple computers or a server.
Whistle Blowing When a person raises a concern about wrongdoing occurring in an organization or body of people.
National Society of Professional Engineers Is the only engineering society that represents individual engineering professionals and licensed engineers (PEs) across all disciplines.
National Institute for Engineering Ethics Is an official component of the Murdough Center for Engineering Professionalism in the College of Engineering at Texas Tech University.
Does what is best for everyone. A person’s behavior is always ethical when he or she?
It provides a clear definition of what the public has a right to expect from responsible engineers. Engineers should follow their professional ethics code because?
That is the way responsible engineers behave. Engineers should act ethically because?
The public welfare. The first and foremost obligation of registered professional engineers is to?
They are fully technically competent to carry out the services. Registered professional engineers should undertake services for clients only when
Created by: n0306268