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psychology of stress

unit 2

Biological Predisposition Model genetic or constitutional factors influence a person's physiological, emotional, behavioral, and cognitive response to stress and personality plays no role.
Health Related Behavior Models Personality factors influence stress motivated health behaviors and determine future health and well-being
Moderation Models personality influences the strength or direction of the relationship between stress and health. Some personality characteristics increase health risks other decrease health risks
buffer reduces the impact of stressors
Personality the overall enduring pattern of thoughts, emotions and behaviors that define an individual
Temperament the biologically based foundation of personality, including emotionality, activity and sociability
Traits (dispositions) the particular characteristics or structural elements of personality that predispose a person to respond in certain ways
states temporary internal phenomena
factor analysis use of multiple correlations to determine which of the measured elements cluster together. CATTELL
source traits 16 distinct correlated factors that constitute each person's personality
Psychoticism traits associated with nonconformity or social deviance (aggressive, cold, egocentric, impersonal, impulsive, antisocial, unempathetic)
Eynseck's PEN model- BIG THREE (supertraits, personality types) Eynseck. Superfactors. Used instead of Cattels 16 source traits. Psychoticism. Extraversi8on- Introversion. Neuroticism.
Personality Types qualitative categories of personality within a particular domain that define the person according to the construct's characteristics.
Type A hard driving and competitive, having an exaggerated sense of time urgency
Type B opposite of type A
Extraversion sociable, lively, active, assertivem sensation-seekingm carefree, dominant, surgent venturesome
Introversion The opposite of extraversion
Neuroticism undesireable. anxiousm depressed, guilt feelings, low self-esteem, tense, irrational, shy, moody, emotional.
Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory J. A. Gray. based on animal research Behavioral Approach System and Behavioral Inhibition system two motivational systems.
Behavioral Approach System motivates us to approach potentially rewarding situations or stimuli. Linked with extraversion.
Behavioral Inhibition System inhibits action and is associated with avoidance behavior. linked with neuroticism.
The Big Five (the Five Factor Model) Extraversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism, Openness, Conscientiousness (OCEAN)
facets subcomponents to the big five
Agreeableness soft hearted trusting good natured
openness creativity, imaginative, enjoying variety
conscientiousness ambitious, responsible, hard working
Neurotic Cascade 1) Hyperactivity 2)Differential Exposure 3)Differential Appraisal 4) Mood Spillover 5) the sting of familiar problems
mood spillover recycling old hurts and grievances
Internalizing disorder characterized by inward expression of pathology
externalizing disorder characterized by outward expression of pathology
constructive anger expression assertively discussing why they are upset with the person toward whom they feel anger
destructive anger justification blaming others for their anger and expressing self justification and desire for vindication
destructive anger rumination holding grudges
type D personality a distressed personality type that has high negative affectivity and social inhibition. indicator of a poor prognosis for patients with heart disease
engagement coping the stressor or the emotions it evokes are dealt with directly
disengagement coping escape and avoidance
hardiness stress resistant personality. synergy of 3 elements. Control, challenge and commitment
anxiety complex and diffuse feelings of uneasiness related to possible impending threats
existential anxiety awareness of ultimate concerns; death meaning, freedom, isolation
Anxiety Disorders Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Panic Disorder, phobic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorders, PTSD
Generalized Anxiety Disorder Excessive uncontrollable anxiety and worry (6 mos)
Panic Disorder repeated and unexpected panic attacks along with worry and concern about reoccurrence of attacks
interoceptive sensitivity high awareness of one's internal physiological activity
agoraphobia fear of being in a public place
social phobia fear of social activity with unfamiliar people
specific phobias intense and exaggerated fears of specific objects or situations other than public places or social contexts
obsessive compulsive disorder obsessions- thoughts, compulsions- behaviors
PTSD reaction to traumatic stressors that results in reexperiencing the traumatic event
Exposure therapy most effective in treating anxiety. the person in treatment systematically confronts the feared event or stimulus in a safe and controlled environment
Response Prevention Used for OCD. THe planned practice of inhibiting compulsive behaviors when exposed to a feared even or stimulus
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy cognitively oriented therapeutic approach designed to challenge dysfunctional automatic thoughts, assumptions and beliefs
intermittent explosive disorder episodes of extreme anger and acting out the anger through assaults or destruction of property
catharsis theory a discredited theory of anger managaement based on the concept that to reduce anger one should ventilate it periodically
passive aggressive behavior a form of resistance to others through procrastination, excuse-making, obstructionism, or poor performance of tasks where the person engaging in the bahviors does not take responsibility for his or her actions or inactions
diathesis stress model of depression stress leads to depression in vulnerable individuals
negative cognitive triad a tendency among depressed people to view the self the world and the future in a negative light. Beck
Created by: 586065465
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