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Chapter 1 Vocabulary

Constitutional Law Constitution grants certain powers to the federal government.
Legislative Law Developed by the judicial branch and laws are enacted by federal and state legislative bodies.
Administrative Law Agencies are created that can enact rules and regulations which are proposed or vetoed by the executive branch.
Common Law This is based on legal precedent, also known as case law and was developed by judges in Europe over many centuries.
Criminal Law Violations against society based upon criminal statutes and codes.
Contract Law Law that pertains to agreements between two or more parties.
Negligence Failure to exercise reasonable care.
Malpractice Professional misconduct or negligence.
Malfeasance Performance of a totally wrongful and unlawful act.
Misfeasance Performance of a lawful act in an illegal or improper manner.
Nonfeasance Failure to act when one should act.
Misdemeanors Lesser crimes usually punishable by fines and/or imprisonment of less than 1 year.
Felonies Crimes punishable by much larger fines and imprisonment of more than 1 year or death.
Tort A civil wrong that causes an injury to a person by another person and is usually penalized by a fine.
Intentional Tort Tort that is committed willfully.
Unintentional Tort Tort that is committed accidentally.
Statute of Limitations Period of time established by state law during which a lawsuit or criminal proceeding may be filed.



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