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Endocrine drugs2

Endocrine drugs

Thyroid replacement names Synthroid, Cytomel, Thyrolar, and Thyroid USP
Thyroid replacement actions to treat hypothyroidism. synthetic form of thyroxine (T4) is converted to triiodothyronine (T3)
Thyroid replacement side affects hyperthyroidism
Thyroid replacement instructions monitor thyroid function, take drug daily for rest of life, administer on empty stomach
Antithyroid drug names Tapazole
Antithyroid drug actions suppresses thyroid hormone in preparations of thyroidectomy, for hyperthyroidism (grave's disease)
Antithyroid drug side affects hypothyroidism, agranulocytosis (low white blood cells),
Antithyroid drug instructions increases effects of anticoagulants
Antithyroid drug/radioactive iodine (AD/RI) names Iodotope, sodium Iodide, and potassium iodide
AD/RI actions for hyperthyroidism and thyroid cancer. radioactive iodine destroys thyroid tissue and decreases thyroid function
AD/RI side affects hypothyroidism
AD/RI instructions other antithyroid drugs reduce uptake
Growth hormone (GH) names somatropin
GH actions treats growth deficiency.
GH side affects hyperglycemia, myalgia (muscle pain), and hypercalciuria
GH instructions dosage is based on weight, teach how to give IM or SQ injection
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) names desmopressin and vasopressin
ADH actions for diabetes insipidus. increases reabsorption of water and lowers urine volume
ADH side affects fluid retention, hyponatremia, and vasoconstriction (vasopressin only)
ADH instructions monitor for water intoxication (headache and confusion), I&O
Glucocorticoid names hydrocortisone and prednisone
Glucocorticoid actions for Addison's disease.
Glucocorticoid side affects very few at therapeutic levels
Glucocorticoid instructions monitor for hyperglycemia, osteoporosis, and fat redistribution (hypercortisolism)
Mineralocorticoid names fludrocortisone/Florinef
Mineralocorticoid actions for Addison's disease, primary hypoaldosteronism, and congenital adrenal hyperplasia. promotes sodium and water reabsorption and potassium excretion
Mineralocorticoid side affects few at therapeutic levels
Mineralocorticoid instructions monitor for excess dosing (weight gain, fluid retention, increased BP, and hypokalemia
Created by: bergste