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115 week 2 finals

Final notes week 2 115

What is a P&P? All pharmacies must have them. Policies and procedure handbook.
HCFA include what? Medicare, Medicaid and HIPAA.
STAT means what? "At once" (5-15 minutes)
ASAP means what? "As soon as possible"
CPOE (computerized physician order entry) deciphers what? Physicians handwriting resulting in less error.
E-MAR is what? Each medication is bar coded and can be scanned with a handheld device.
How many nurses are present during controlled substance counts? Two.
How many times a day are controlled substances counted? Each shift, 2-3 times daily.
All written records must be written in pencil, this way they can be changed. T or F? False. They must be written in pen.
Aseptic technique is a method used to prevent what? Contamination of an object by microorganisms.
USP stands for what? United States Pharmacopeia.
Nonchemotherapeutic IV meds are prepared in a horizontal flow hood. T or F? True!
All drugs are labeled outside the pharmacy. T or F? False. All drugs must be labeled before leaving the pharmacy.
What is the Julian date? Consecutive day of the year.
Crash carts contain what? Injectable meds used in code situations.
What is a satellite pharmacy? A small specialty pharmacy within a hospital.
NaCI stands for what? Sodium chloride.
Positively-charged electrolytes are called what? cations.
Mg is what? Magnesium.
Negatively charged ions are what? Anions.
Electrolytes are essential for what? Homeostasis and chemistry of the body.
Sodium regulates what? The total amount of water in the body.
Potassium does what? It is essential for the normal cell function. It regulates the heartbeats and muscle functions.
Cloride helps regulate what? The total amount of body fluids.
Bicarbonate acts as a buffer to what? The acidity in the body.
Magnesium is present in greatest concentration within the cell and is the second most abundant intracellular cation after what? Potassium.
Phosphorus is essential for what? Membrane structure, energy storage and transport in all cells.
Dehydration is what? Excessive loss of body fluids. what? The presence of abnormally large amounts of fluid in the intracellular tissue space.
Hyponatremia is described as what? A condition where serum sodium fall below the normal range.
Pseudohyponatremia is what? When too much water is drawn into the blood.
Psychogenic polydipsia occurs when? When people compulsively drink water.
Hypovolemic hyponatremia is what? When someone who is dehydrated rehydrates too quickly.
Hypernatremia is an elevation is what? Serum Sodium.
Hypokalemia is a condition in which what happens? Potassium is lost from the body.
Hyperkalemia is high levels of what? Potassium.
IV solutions are used to replace what? Fluids and electrolytes.
IV electrolyte solutions can be classified as what? Isotonic, hypotonic or hypertonic.
Isotonic fluids are close to the same osmolarity as...? Serum.
Hypotonic is the opposite of what? Hypertonic.
Colloids cannot cross membranes because they are what? Too large.
What are crystalloids? Solutions containing electrolytes.
Electrolytes are know as what 5 things? Calcium, chloride, potassium, magnesium and sodium.
Management and treatment of dehydration include what 4 things? Oral electrolyte solutions, glucose, sodium and sodium chloride.
Created by: dmhehr



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