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foot pathology

QuestionAnswer
CLUBFOOT abnormal twisting , congenital, usually inward and downward
metastases transfer of cancerous lesion from one area to another
gout hereditary form of arthritis where uric acid is deposited in joints
osgood-slatter disease incomplete seperation of the tibial tuberosity
jones fracture fracture of the base of the 5th metatarsal
fracture of medial malleolus with loss of ankle mortise potts fracture
bone cyst fluid filled cyst with a wall of fibrous tissue
dislocation displacement from joint space
osteo-arthritis degenrative joint disease- arthritis marked by cartilage deterioration in synovial joints
osteomyelitis inflammation of bone due to a pyogenic infection
rickets /osteomalacia softening of the bones due to vitamin D deficiency
osteopetrosis increased density of usually soft bone
osteoporosis loss of bone density
pagets disease metabolic disease, chronic, weakened,deformed, and thickened bone that fractures easily
chondosarcoma malignant tumor arising from cartillage cells
enchondroma benign tumor consisting of cartilage
malignanat tumor of bone arising in medullary tissue ewing' sarcoma
osteochondroma/exotosis benign bone tumor projection w/ cartiliginous cap
osteoid osteoma a benign lesion of cortical bone
osteosarcoma malignant primary tumor of bone with cartilage formation
osteoclasma or giant cell tumor lucent lesion in the metaphysis usually distal to the femur
talipes equinovarus typical clubfoot with three deviations from normal alignment of the foot and weight bearing
inversion of the calcaneus (equinus), medial displacement of the forefront( adduction), and elevation of the medial border of the foot supination. numerus variations of club foot
kite methods exactly placed lateral and AP projections that are used to demonstrate thr anatomy of clubed foot
the bones of ossification centers of the tarsals and their relation to one another are visible kite methods
it is essential that no attempt be made to changa abnormal alignment davis and hatt
ap projection demonstrates the degree of adductionof the forefoot and the ddgree of inversion of the calcaneous
kandel method dorsoplantar axial projection
kandel method infant held in bending forward position central ray 40 degrees anterior through lower leg
Freiberger,hersh and harrison said that the sustentaculum talor joint cant be assumed after only one projection. 3 radiographs have to be taken at 35, 45, and 55 degrees.
Created by: supertech1