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ccctc test 12 asepti

defenitions for test 12 aseptic techniques

QuestionAnswer
certain procedures carried out during the preparation of a sterile product in order to minimize contamination aseptic techniques
student note for aseptic techniques nosocomial simply means " taking place in a hospital". Nosocomial infection is "Hospital Borne" infections.
what are the 3 most common sources of contamination when compounding the person compounding, contaminated equipment, and contaminated raw materials
what is the best way to avoid contamination when compounding proper attitudes and strict adherence to aseptic techniques
what do aseptic techniques require control of the environment
these are designed to reduce the risk of airborne contamination during preparation of sterile products laminar flow hood, laminar airflow workbench (LAFW), vertical flow hood
what do laminar flow equipment items do to reduce the risk of contamination provide a constant flow of air to the controlled area
what is special about the air from laminar flow equipment air is filtered
what does hepa stand for high efficiency particulate air filters
what do hepa filters do remove 99.97% of particulates and airborne microorganisms 0.3 microns or larger
do hepa filters need replaced yes they need replaced to maintain the environment
how often do hepa filters require regular maintenance every 6 months
what direction does the air flow in a horizontal hood air flows horizontally across the work area
what direction does the air flow in a vertical hood (biological safety cabinets air flows vertical (downward) onto the surface of the work area
what are the vertical and horizontal air flow hoods used in they are used in the preparation of antineoplastic and other potentially hazardous products
where does the air go from a vertical or horizontal hood some of the air is recirculated and filtered again; the remainder is vented to the outside
why are horizontal and vertical hoods used they are safer for the preparer. air is not blowing directly at them, avoiding the possibility of carrying potentially hazardous particles or small droplets
what are the parts of a syringe plunger; barrel; tip for needle attachment (leur-lock); graduated markings for measurement; top collar; flat end (lip)
what is the range of size for a syringe 1 ml to 100 ml
what is the general rule for syringe sizing always use a syringe closest to the amount of fluid that needs to be measured.
why should you follow this general rule for syringe sizing this method produces a more accurate measurement
what are the 2 types of syringes glass and plastic
what is the most commonly used type of syringe plastic syringes
what goes into choosing the type of syringe for a medication compatability and cost are both factors that are considered when deciding what type will be used.
what are the parts of a needle shaft; hub; beveled tip; beveled heel; bevel
what is the gauge of a needles the outside diameter of the needle
how do you tell the size of the needle the gauge of the needle is the size of the needle
what does the gauge number mean in reference to a needle's size the larger the gauge number, the smaller the diameter; the smaller the gauge number, the larger the diameter
how is length measured for needles the length of a needle is always measured in inches
what does aseptic technique mean the procedure that is performed under sterile conditions.
what is the largest example of aseptic technique hospital operating theatre
prior to compounding what should you do remove rings, watches and bracelets because they are ideal for storing bacteria
what should you use to wash your hands and how wash hands and forearms to the elbows with appropriate germicidal agent. this must be done for 30 seconds
how long should a laminar flow hood be running prior to use atleast 30 minutes
how often should disinfection be done during your shift this should be done atleast at the beginning and end of each shift, hourly during operation, and after spills or known contamination.
how should you disinfect the laminar flow hood use parallel sweeping motions from the back of the hood to the front, not circular motions
what should you avoid doing while working in a laminar flow hood avoid working over open containers or preparations to prevent contaminates falling into the prep area
what should you do with non-essential items while working in a laminar flow hood they should be left out of the work area. do not introduce items that are not essential for the preparation process into the hood( i.e. paper, pencils, etc.)
where should you work in a laminar flow hood atleast 6 inches within the hood for maximum benefit
avoid working close to the outer edge of the hood the product may be contaminated
where should needles be disposed of in a sharps container
what kind of waste disposal should be accessible hazardous waste buckets
what are created behind objects in the airflow dead spaces
what should never be placed in dead spaces areas on products that must remain sterile should never be placed in dead spaces
what should a sterile product preparation room be free of dust, especially cardboard as a source of particles.
what should the sterile room location be kept away from common routes of personnel traffic (high traffic areas)
can laminar flow hoods guarantee a sterile product no, while laminar flow hoods prevent airborne contamination, they do not guarantee a sterile product
what can you do to avoid contamination in the laminar flow hood use strict aseptic techniques to avoid introducing contaminates
Created by: kfpolchies