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RIT OB Questions

QuestionAnswer
Why is ethics so important to employees from a supervisor-subordinate relationship perspective? The most important factor to employees in surveys is honestly/ethics in a leader. The most powerful foundation is a set of shared values - a strong organizational culture.
Why is the Big 5 important and how does it influence organizational behavior? Studies report that there are fairly strong associations between personality and a variety of workplace behaviors and outcomes.
Which of the Big 5 factors are the strongest predictors of job performance and leadership? • Conscientiousness<br> • Emotional stability (low neuroticism)
How are the MBTI types limited in their measurement of personality? • Personality is not fixed, but emerges in interaction<br> • Personality can be "acted"<br> • Personality varies across situations and lives
Why is the MBTI personality categorization still so widely used? • To fit people to jobs<br> • Improve hiring and placement decisions
What lessons about perspectives and ways of seeing do you get from Kim Cunningham? Our way of seeing impacts moral judgement.<br> What we see something as determines how we interpret what it is.
Why are individuals such an important resource?
Why do individuals and organizations place so much emphasis on personality tests? • Affirms rational approach to HRM<br> • Managers can deploy employees to the best advantage of the organization<br> • Managers can justify the decisions they make based on employees<br> • Cheap to administer<br> • Everyone is doing it!
What was identified to be the most powerful strategy that organizations can employ to establish sustained ethical behavior? <b>• Sharing values that reinforce ethical conduct</b><br> • Creating ethical codes<br> • Ethical training<br> • Whistle-blowing privacy
How do you think "Office Space" contributed to our understanding of job satisfaction? Movie showed that job satisfaction is very important and not only affects job performance but also personal life.
How do our cognitive biases affect our ability to make managerial decisions - especially hiring and firing decisions?
Why is escalation of commitment so hard to avoid, even when we know we should avoid it? • "Psychology of entrapment"<br> • "Sunk-cost effect"<br> • "Too-much-invested-to-quit syndrome"
What insights on behavioral modeling did we gain from our class activity on learning?
What aspect of the job provides the strongest correlation to overall job satisfaction and why do you think this is the case? The work itself, because if it is boring, you won't be motivated or interested.
We discussed how the Fast Ferry investment ended up being an escalation of commitment situation. Using class concepts, what were some causes for this resulting in an escalation of commitment decision-making outcome? • "Too-much-invested-to-quit syndrome"
What can we do to reduce the impact of decision-making biases and become more effective at making decisions? • Involve others in decision<br> • Designate a "devil’s advocate"<br> • Balance emotions and rational influences<br> • Take time to periodically re-evaluate<br> • Scenario planning: Plan for emergencies<br> • Establish pre-set level to abandon projec
When we experience cognitive dissonance, what are we as individuals more likely to change, our beliefs or behaviors? Provide an example of this occurrence. We usually change our beliefs and feelings to reduce the inconsistency.
Why is it important to involve employees in the decision-making process? • First hand experience with problem<br> • More and better solutions than when people work alone<br> • Better at choosing best solution with different perspectives and representation of values
Created by: thecrew