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Ch1 Pharmacy Tech

TermDefinition
Alchemy the theory that combining elements of chemistry, metallurgy, physics, and medicine with astrology and spiritualism could turn metals into gold
Apothecary latin term for pharmacist, it is also a shop where drugs are sold
Assault threatening another with bodily harm
Battery causing physical harm to another person
Brand Name the proprietary name under which a manufacturer markets a drug; it is also referred to as the trade name
Broken Contract the simplest form of torts; a broken promise to do or not do an act
Chain Pharmacy a retail pharmacy that consists of many pharmacies located nationally or regionally; most decisions are made at the corporate level
Chemical Name the name that describes the chemical structure of a drug
Child-resistant container a medication container with a lid that cannot be opened by 80% of children younger than 5 years old, but can be opened by 90% of adults
Compounding pharmacy a specialized pharmacy wherein the pharmacist mixes medications that are customized specifically for the unique healthcare needs of the patient
Controlled Substance any schedule drug with the potential for abuse
Defendant the party being sued
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) the U.S. government agency responsible for regulating the safe and use of scheduled drugs
Drug-Utilization review (DUR) the process used by a pharmacist to compare an existing treatment to a new treatment
Ethics a system of moral standards of conduct and behavior for a person, group, or profession
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) the U.S. governmental regulatory agency whose purpose is to ensure the safety and efficacy of all food and drugs currently on the market
Formulary a lost of pre-approved drugs that can be ordered, stocked, and administered at a given facility; also a term used by insurance companies for what medications they will pay for
Franchise Pharmacy a small chain of community pharmacies that have the right to use the name of a company and market a company's goods or services within a certain territory or location
Generic Name the non-proprietary name of a drug
Health-maintenance organization (HMO) a type of healthcare plan that provides care that is focused on keeping patients healthy or managing chronic diseases in an effort to decrease hospitalizations and emergency room visits
Home health care the delivery of medical, nursing, and pharmaceutical services to patients at home
Home infusion pharmacy a pharmacy that provides intravenous medications and supplies needed for their administration to patients who are home bound
Hospital pharmacy an institutional pharmacy that dispenses drugs and provides drug information to inpatients and healthcare professionals in the hospital
Independent pharmacy a community pharmacy that is owned and operated by one pharmacist or a group of pharmacists
Institutional pharmacy a facility organized under a corporate structure that provides pharmaceutical care to an institutional facility or organized healthcare system
Law a rule of conduct or procedure established to represent the minimum level of acceptable standards
Legend drugs drugs that require a prescription because they are not considered safe for use without medical supervision
Libel written communication of false statements against another individual
Long-term care facility an institution that provides a broad range of services for patients requiring a longer length of stay. these facilities may include nursing homes or assisted-living facilities
Long-term care pharmacy a pharmacy that is owned by or contracts with a long-term-care facility to provide prescription medications to the residents of that facility
Mail-order pharmacy a centralized pharmacy operation that dispenses a large number of prescriptions; prescriptions are delivered in the mail
Malpractice negligence in meeting the standard of care
Managed-care organization an organization that controls the financing and delivery of healthcare services for those who are involved in a specific healthcare plan; it is designed to control costs by keeping patients healthy
National Association of Boards of Pharmacy (NABP) the professional association that helps to develop uniform standards for all state boards of pharmacy
Negligence conduct that falls below the standards of behavior established by law
Nuclear Pharmacy a specialized pharmacy that promotes health through the safe and effective use of radioactive drugs for diagnosis and therapy
Over-the-counter drugs (OTC) drugs that can be legally obtained without a prescription and are generally safe for use without medical supervision
Parenteral a route of administration by which the medication is administered by a needle or catheter into one or more layers of the skin
Pharmacist a licensed professional trained to prepare and dispense medications, provide drug information, and monitor response to therapy
Pharmacognosy the study of medicinal properties of natural products form plant and animal sources and minerals
Pharmacology the study of drugs, their properties, and their mechanism of action
Pharmacy technician a paraprofessional who can assist in all daily activities, under the direct supervision of a licensed pharmacist, that do not require the professional judgement of a pharmacist
Plaintiff the person or party filing a case
Point-of-service plan (POS) a type of managed healthcare plan that is a hybrid of an HMO and a PPO. it is called s a point-of-service plan because each time a member seeks medical care, he or she must decide which option-HMO or PPO- to choose
Preferred provider organization (PPO) a type of managed healthcare plan that is similar to an HMO in that it has a preferred provider network, but patients do not need to see a primary care physician for a referral to a specialist
Primary care physician a type of doctor who serves a gatekeeper to control access to healthcare and costs
Professional standard reference point or norm by which quality of a product or the performance of a professional is measured
Regulation a written rule or established guideline that exists to carry out a federal or state law
Retail pharmacy any independent, chain, or franchise pharmacy that dispenses prescription drugs to outpatients; also known as a community pharmacy
Slander verbal communication of false statements against another individual
Standard of care the level of performance that is expected of a healthcare worker in carrying out his or her professional duties
State boards of pharmacy regulatory bodies that oversee pharmacy activities in each individual state
Tort a legal term for a lawsuit of personal injury that one citizen commits against another
United States Pharmacopeia (USP) a non-governmental, independent scientific organization that sets standards for all over-the-counter and prescription medications and other healthcare products manufactured or sold in the U.S.
USP-NF a compendium containing standards set by the USP for medicines, dosage forms, drug substances, excipients, dietary supplements, inert ingredients, and medical devices
Created by: ReynaSayWhaa