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Drug Classifications


Schedule I Controlled Substances Examples: Heroin, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), marijuana (Cannabis), peyote (Mescaline), methaqualone, and methylenedioxymethamphetamine (Ecstasy).
Schedule II Controlled Substances Examples: Hydromorphone(Dilaudid), methadone(Dolophine), meperidine(Demerol), oxycodone(OxyContin, Percocet), fentanyl(Sublimaze, Duragesic), morphine, opium, codeine. Stimulants: Amphetamine(Dexedrine, Adderall), methamphetamine(Desoxyn), methylphenidate(Ritalin).
Which drugs are Narcotics? Illegal: Heroin, Opium, Oxycodone, Morphine, Methadone. Controlled: Fentanyl, Meperidine, Pentazocine, Propoxuhene.
Which drugs are Psychostimulants? Cocaine, Methylphenidate, Phenylpropanolamine, Amphetamines.
Xanax Benzodiazephine
Tranxene Benzodiazephine
Klonopin Benzodiazephine
Ativan Benzodiazephine
Gabitril Hydrochloride
Valium Benzodiazephine
Versed Benzodiazephine
Phenytonin Hydantion
Mysoline Barbiturate
Methsuximide Succinimide
Onfi Benzodiazephine
Zarontin Succinimide
Klonopin Benzodiazephine
Phenobarbital Barbiturate
Dilantin Hydantion
Barbituates - Uses, Examples, EEG: ~Generalized ~List: Phenobarbital, Primidone (Used Primarily) ~Others: Gabapentin (non-AED), Tiagabine, Vigabatrin. ~May produce increased Beta activity and increased diffuse slowing that leads to burst-suppression at toxic doses.
What is a Narcotic? An addictive drug (as opium or morphine) that in moderate doses dulls the senses, relieves pain, and induces profound sleep but in excessive doses causes stupor, coma, or convulsions.
Schedule I Controlled Substances Substances in this schedule have no currently accepted medical use in the United States, a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision, and a high potential for abuse.
Schedule II Controlled Substances Substances in this schedule have a high potential for abuse which may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
Schedule III Controlled Substances Substances in this schedule have a potential for abuse less than substances in another schedule and abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
Schedule IV Controlled Substances Substances in this schedule have a low potential for abuse relative to substances in other schedules.
Schedule V Controlled Substances Substances in this schedule have a low potential for abuse relative to substances listed in other schedules and consist primarily of preparations containing limited quantities of certain narcotics.
Which drugs are Anti-Psychotic drugs? Aripiprazole, Clozapine, Haloperidol, Quetiapine, Risperidone, Thorazine (Compazine), Ziprasidone.
Which drugs are Anti-Anxiety drugs? Ativan, Librium, Valium, Xanax.
Which drugs are Anti-Depressants drugs? Elavil, Lithium, Prozac.
How do Psychoactive drugs work? Depress the CNS by inhibiting the brain stem.
Which drugs are CNS Stimulants? Analeptic, Amphetamines, Anorexiant, Anti-Parkinson's, Xanthines.
Drug types that effect the CNS: Analgesics (pain), Anti-Epileptic (Anti-Convulsants), Sedatives / Hypnotics, Anti-Depressants, Psychotrophics.
Which drugs are Propinic Acids? Ibuprofen and Motrin.
What are Benzodiazephines used for and how do they effect the EEG? Status (intervenious) ~Absence Status is usually resistant. ~May produce increased Beta activity and can produce Burst-Suppression in high doses.
What are Barbituates and how are they used? ~Anticonvulsant ~Often used with Phenytonin ~Elevates Sz Threshold ~Limits Spread of Sz ~Tx for all Partial & TC ~Mostly used for children ~NO Absence
What are Succinimides used for? DOC for Absence
What do Hydantoins tx? SP, CP, TC, Clonic Sz ~NO Absence
What are Oxazolidinediones not good for? ~Not effective in Motor Szs ~Increases TC Szs
Which types of AEDs are most effective in localization-related epilepsy syndromes and less or ineffective in generalized epilepsy syndromes? Sodium channel and GABA drugs.
AEDs and Mechanism of Action - Sodium Channel drugs: Carbamazepine, Phenytonin.
AEDs and Mechanism of Action - GABA Enhancement drugs: Gabapentin, Tiagabine, Vigabatrin.
AEDs and Mechanism of Action - Mixed (excitory amino acid, sodium channel, GABA): Valproate, Lamotrigine, Felbamate, Topiramate, Clonazepam, Zonisamide.
AEDs and Mechanism of Action - Calcium Channel drugs: Ethosuximide.
What do Sodium Channel drugs tx? Localization related epilepsies. May worsen LGS and Myoclonic.
What do GABA Enhancement drugs tx? Localization related epilepsies.
What do Mixed (excitory amino acid, sodium channel, GABA) tx? Localization related epilepsies, JME, LGS, Myoclonic, Absence.
What do Calcium Channel drugs tx? Typical Absence.
Imipramine Tricyclic
Clorazepate Benzodiazepine
Midazolam Benzodiazepine
Vicodin Contains a narcotic.
Fioricet Contains a barbiturate.
Percodan Narcotic
Tolbutamide Sulfonylurea
What class do you tx Absence NCSE with? Use EEG and intervenious Benzos, preferably Lorazepam.
Lorazepam Benzodiazepine
Clobazam Benzodiazepine Derivative.
What are Oxyazolidinediones? Anticonvulsants that are used to treat absence (petit mal) seizures.
Cyproheptadine Serotonin reuptake inhibitor.
Created by: kmburg5840