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Radt 456 Positioning

ARRT Registry Review: Positioning

QuestionAnswer
Body habitus identified as large, heavy, thick, short, and wide with lungs and heart positioned high and stomach in transverse position is known as? Hypersthenic
Body habitus described as slender, light,and delicate with a long and narrow thorax is known as? Asthenic
Turning of the body or arm so that the palm faces forward, with thumb away from midline of body is known as? Supination
What is the opposite of supination? Pronation
Bending motion that decreases the angle between associated bones is known as what? Flexion
Bending motion that increases the angle between associated bones is known as what? Extension
What are the main functions of the skeletal system? support, reservoir for minerals, muscle attachment/movement, protection, and hematopoiesis
What are the bone tissue types? cortical (hard, compact) and cancellous (spongy)
What is the structure and function of Synarthrosis type joints? Structure: Fibrous Function: Immovable
what is the structure and function of Amphiarthrosis type joints? Structure: Cartilaginous Function: Partially moveable
What is the structure and function of Diarthrosis type joints? Structure: Synovial Function: Freely moveable
Name all of the carpals. Trapezium, Trapezoid, Capitate, Hamate, Triquetrum, Pisiform, Lunate, and Scaphoid
List the articulations of the upper extremity and shoulder girdle. Acromioclavicular Sternoclavicular, Shoulder (Glenohumeral), Elbow, Distal radioulnar, Radiocarpal, Intercarpal, Carpometacarpal, Metacarpophalangeal, and Interphalangeal
Name the tarsal bones. Calcaneous, Talus, Navicular, Cuboid, First/Second/Third Cuneiform
List the articulations of the lower extremity and Pelvic Girdle. Sacroiliac, hip, knee, proximal tibiofibular, distal tibiofibular, ankle, intertarsal, tarsometatarsal, metatarsophalangeal, interphalageal
Describe a normal male pelvis. narrow, more verticle, deeper from anterior to posterior, pubic angle less than 90 degrees, inlet is narrower and heart-shaped
Describe a normal female pelvis. Wider, more horizontal, shallower from anterior to posterior, pubic angle is more than 90 degrees, and pelvic inlet is larger/rounder
How do you locate the hip? Bisect the ASIS and pubic symphysis; center 1' distal and lateral to that point
How do you locate the knee? Center immediately below the patellar apex
How do you locate the ankle? Center midway between the malleoli
How do you adjust your technique for the following pathologies: Arthritis, Ewings Sarcoma, Osteomalacia, Osteoporosis, Rickets, and Thalassemia? Decrease
How do you adjust your exposure factors for the following pathologies: Acromegaly, Chronic Gout, Multiple Myeloma, Osteochondroma, Osteopetrosis, and Paget Disease Increase
A fractured end of bone that has penetrated the skin is known as what type of fracture? Compound
What type of fracture is a greenstick fracture with one cortex buckled/compacted and the other intact? Torus/buckle
What fracture is a small bony fragment pulled from bony prominense as a result of forceful pull of the attached ligament or tendon (chip fracture)? Avulsion
What is a faint undisplaced fracture? Hairline
What is one fracture composed of several fragments known as? Comminuted
A fracture made just proximal to the head of the 5th metacarpal? Boxer
Describe a Monteggia fracture. Fracture at proximal third of ulnar shaft with anterior dislocation of radial head
Describe a Colles fracture. transverse fracture of distal third of radius with posterior angulation and associated avulsion fracutre of ulnar styloid process
Describe a Trimalleolar fracture. Fracture of lateral malleolus
What is a Jones fracture? Fracture of base of fifth metatarsal
What is a Potts fracture? Fractured distal tibia and fibula with dislocation of ankle joint
Created by: cjschaeffe