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Chap.11:Elements and Conventions of Poetry

End Rhyme : A rhyme pattern of similar sounds at the end of each line.
Internal rhyme : contain like-sounding sounds within a single line of a poem.
Slant Rhyme : A type of rhyme that occurs when the final consonants sound the same, but the vowel sounds are different.
Exact rhyme : A type of rhyme that occurs when the final vowel and consonant sound the same.
Eye rhyme : A type of rhyme where the rhyming words share similarities in spelling but have slight differences in pronunciation, leaving the sounds close but not exact.
Monometer : A line of verse consisting of ONE metric feet.
Dimeter : A line of verse consisting of TWO metric feet
Trimester : A line of verse consisting of THREE metric feet
Tetrameter : A line of verse consisting of FOUR metric feet
Pentameter : A line of verse consisting of FIVE metric feet
Hexameter : A line of verse consisting of SIX metric feet
Heptameter A line of verse consisting of SEVEN metric feet
Octameter : A line of verse consisting of EIGHT metric feet
Nonameter : A line of verse consisting of NINE metric feet
Decameter : A line of verse consisting of TEN metric feet
Meter : the number of feet in a line.
Foot : One basic stitch in a verse.
Consonance : The repetition of internal or ending consonant sounds to achieve a meaning or effect, as in "come home Miriam"
Apostrophe : A figure of speech in which something or someone not present is directly addressed. E.g. "Oh Love, why have you caused me such pain!
Alliteration : The repetition of initial consonant sounds to achieve a meaning or effect, as in "peter piper picked"
Assonance : The repetition of vowel sounds to achieve a meaning or effect.
Theme : The main idea of a literary work
Onomatopoeia : Words containing sounds that evoke the meanings of the words, such as buzz and snap.
Personification : A technique based on ascribing human qualities to non-human entities or objects.
Conceit : A detailed elaborate and/or unexpected comparison, such as "our love is like the tide; it comes and goes, but exists eternally"
Diction : The word choice and arrangement used by an author to convey accents, intonation, inflections, and other characteristics of speech.
Figurative language : Use of language in non-standard or creative ways to describe or convey some idea or essence.
Symbol : Use of an object or image to express a larger meaning
Hyperbole (overstatement) : Use of exaggeration to achieve a heightened effect.
Understatement : An ironic expression that reveals less than what is expected
Verse : Each line in a poem
Stanza : A grouping of lines. The main structural and organizational building block of a poem and can be equated to a stone in a mosaic, a patch in a quilt, or a paragraph in an essay.
Enjambment : The poetic technique of placing a line break in the middle of a sentence, clause, or phrase.
Tercet : A three-line stanza
Stress (stressed Syllable) : Spoken louder or with more force.
Scansion : the act of dividing a line of a poem into rhythmic units.
Rhythm : the pattern of sounds in a poem. The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.
Lamb (iambic) unstressed + stressed u /
Trochee (trochaic) stressed + unstressed / u
Anapest (anapestic) unstressed + unstressed +stressed u u /
Dactyl (dactylic) stressed + unstressed + unstressed / u u
Pyrrhic unstressed + unstressed u u
Spondee (spondaic) stressed + stressed / /
Created by: 507463906