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HLT250 Pharm

Chapters 15-17 Bronchodilators, Antiasthma, Antihistamines, Decongestants, Etc,

What is the name given collectively to emphysema and chronic bronchitis because the airflow is limited most of the time? C.O.P.D. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
What is the name of the disease with a reversible obstructive problems in the lower airway? Asthma
Leukotrienes receptor antagonists and leukotriene formation inhibitors should ________ be administered during an acute asthma attack Never
A drug used to relieve bronchospasm is known as what? Bronchodilator
The process of giving the patient a loading dose of Theophylline to reach a therapeutic level more quickly is called what? Theophyllinization
Theophylline relaxes the esophageal sphincter, so a common adverse reaction is what? Heartburn
Asthma caused by intrinsic and extrinsic factors is known as what? Mixed asthma
The most common adverse reactions of first-generation antihistamines is/are? Drowsiness and sedation
Symptoms that may indicate an allergy to anti-histamines include skin rash, urticaria and anaphylactic shock. True or false? True
Rebound is a term used to describe the ________ of the desired effect of a drug. Opposite
What is another term for nasal congestion? Rhinitis
The second-generation anti-histamines are referred to as _________ Anti-histamines. Non-sedating
Oral decongestants may cause tachycardia and other cardiac arrhythmias, relentlessness, insomnia, blurred vision, nausea and vomiting. True or false? True
The classic seasonal and perennial allergy symptoms that antihistamines will treat include: Itchy watery eyes, sneezing and a runny nose
What is used to increase respiratory secretions? Expectorant
Patients taking mucolytics or expectorants should be advised to contact their healthcare provider if they experience: Impaired respiratory function including changes in cough, the color or amount of sputum, shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
Depression of the cough ________ can cause a pooling of secretions in the lungs. Reflex
A nonproductive cough is a dry hacking cough that produces no secretions. True or false? True
Indiscriminate use of antitussives may prevent _________ Diagnosis and treatment of disorders such as lung cancer and emphysema. Early
Patients with a nonproductive cough should drink plenty of fluids especially water because this will aid the expectorant in the thinning of the mucus. True or false True
Aerosol inhalers are also called Corticosteroids
Another name for intrinsic asthma Nonallergic asthma (Caused by internal environment, infection, exercise, emotional upset, chronic respiratory infection
Antihistamines Drugs used to counteract the effects of histamine on body organs and structures
Extrinsic or allergic asthma causes the immunoglobulin ( IgE) inflammatory response. True or false? True
Corticosteroid are effective in the treatment of bronchospasms? False. This is because bronchodilators are effective in the acute treatment of bronchospasms
A patient who is taking both a bronchodilator and a corticosteroid should use the bronchodilator first and the corticosteroid second. True or false? True
________ are bronchoconstrictive substances released by the body during inflammation. Leukotrienes
What symptoms will a decongestant treat? Nasal stiffness
What symptoms will an antihistamine treat? Running nose, sneezing, and itchy watery eyes
What is a common adverse reaction of antihistamines? Sedation
Oral nasal decongestants cause rebound congestion is taken for more than three days. True or false? False. This is because topical nasal decongestants can cause rebound congestion if taken for more than 3 to 5 days
A decongestant should not be used in patients with high blood pressure, unless approved by their healthcare provider. True or false? True
_______ is a substance present in various tissues of the body that is released in response to injury and produces an inflammatory response. True or false? Histamine
Decongestants work by producing localized _______ of the small blood vessels of the nasal membranes. Vasoconstriction
Decongestants are _______ drugs, Sympathomimetic
Some antitussives depress the cough center located in the _______ and are called centrally acting drugs. Medulla
A ________ is a drug that aids in raising thick tenacious mucus from the respiratory passages to be coughed out. Expectorant
A _________ is a drug that loosens respiratory secretions. Mucolytic
Why is an antitussives often contraindicated for a productive cough? An antitussive may be contraindicated for a productive cough because the congestion/mucus will pool in the lungs and could lead to more serious problems such as pneumonia
Created by: ShannonLowe



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