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ccctc test 9

defenitions for test 9

allows the body's natural defense mechanisms to have time to destroy the microorganisms by inhibiting bacterial growth. limits or slows the growth of bacteria bacteriostatic
kills the microorganisms (bacteria) bactericidal
antibacterials unlike antibiotics, antibacterials are not synthesized from microorganisms. usually bacteriostatic, but some are considered bactericidal. pertaining to a substance that kills bacteria or inhibits their growth or replication.
side effects of antibacterials photo sensitivity - protect from the sun, allergy
antibacterial sulfonamides (sulfa agents) uses sulfur
sulfacetamide sulamyd
sulfamethoxazole gantanol
acetic acid vosol
povidone iodine betadine, medicated douches
hexachlorophen pHisoHex
concentrated in the urine and are used for urinary tract infections urinary anti-infectives
nirofurantoin macrodantin, macrobid
norfloxacin noroxin
note: pyridium (phenazopyridine)is often given with urinary anti-infectives for urinary pain, may discolor urine. what auxilary label should you use may discolor urine red
synthesized by microorganisms - grown. can be bacteriostatic or bactericidal. chemotherapeutic agents used to inhibit or kill bacteria antibiotics
patient information most are taken on an empty stomach to ensure proper absorption. should be taken for the full course of therapy. certain liquid antibiotics need refridgerated and certain powders need reconstituted. once reconstituted may only be good for 10-14 days.
mechanism of action for antibiotics prevents bacteria from growing
examples of antibiotics penicillin and cephalosporins
side effects of penicillin allergy, nausea/vomiting, diarrhea
penicilin pen-vk
amoxicillin amoxil
ampicilin amcill
cloxacillin tegopen
dicloxacilin dynapen
nafcilin pipracil
ticarcillin ticar
side effects of cephalosporins allergy, nausea, vomitting, diarrhea
first generation cephalosporins are moderate spectrum agents. they are effective alternatives for treating staphylococcal and streptococcal infections and therefore are alternatives for skin and soft-tissue infections, as well as for strep throat
cephalexin keflex
cefadroxil duricef
cefazolin ancef
the second generation cephalosporins have a greater gram-negative spectrum while retaining some activity against gram-positive bacteria. they are also more resistant to beta-lactamase. they are useful agents for treating upper and lower respiratory tract infections, sinusitis and otitis media
cefaclor ceclor
cefprozil cefzil
fourth generation cephalosporins are extendced spectrum agents with similar activity against gram positive organisms as first generation cephalosporins. they also have a greater resistance to beta-lactamase than the third generations cephalosporins. many can cross blood brain barrier and are effective in meningitis.
have many drug interactions-antacids decrease the absorption and should be given 2-4 hrs apart. tagamet increase the effects. caffeine clearing from the body is reduced. theophyline levels are increased quinolones
side effects of quinolones gi upset and headache
ciprofloxacin cipro
ofloxacin floxin
norfloxacin noroxin
levofloxacin levaquin
moxifloxacin avelox
side effects of macrolides gi upset and diarrhea
erythromycin EES, eryc
azithromycin zithromax
clarithromycin biaxin
any of a class of a broad spectrum macrolide antibiotic derived from erythromycin ketolide
side effects of ketolides diarrhea, nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting
side effects of tetracyclines photosensitivity
caution: binds to calcium products, aluminum and magnesium. use protection in sunlight should not be taken with antacids, laxatives, dairy, or iron supplements. they contain calcium and metal ions that bind to the meds and make it inactive. This means they won't work.
tetracycline sumycin
what happened to tetracycline it was taken off the market
doxycycline vibramycin
minocycline minocin
a new class of antibiotics derived from tetracycline. these tetracycline analogues are specifically designed to overcome tetracycline resistant bacteria. glycylcyclines
side effects of glycylcyclines gi upset and diarrhea
aminoglycisides used in hospitals
side effects of gentamicin and tobramycin kidney damage and ototoxicity
gentamicin garamycin
tobramycin nebcin
Created by: kfpolchies



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