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Chap. 2:Literary Terms, Elements, and Conventions

Mood/atmosphere The attitude created by the author toward the subject or prevailing emotions of the work. Revealed through imagery, characters, events, setting and other elements. Can be a feeling of gloomy, happy, dreary etc.
Theme Grounds our interpretations. An idea that arises in a work and reflects ideas and beliefs that have surfaced in our human consciousness repeatedly through the ages.
Tone Affects the overall feel of the work. The authors attitude about the subject in which he or she is writing. Can reflect any human attitude toward a subject
Plot Action elements. Often used in evaluating work. Discussing the plot line of a story without getting into details.
Exposition The first element, opening of the story, helps audience understand and engage them in events to come.
Rising Action Includes Exposition. Builds events and tension
Climax When the rising action of the story reaches its peak. When story reaches its highest intensity.
Falling Action Follows the climax and flows toward the conclusion.
Denouement (Resolution) Final outcome. The closure to the story.
Subplot "double plot" A secondary plot to the main plot of the story.
Foreshadowing Events to come later in the story are hinted at to build tension
Conflict (man vs. man, man vs. nature, man vs. self, man vs. society) A struggle between forces. Often a large part of the rising action.
Complication A term used to denote the development of conflict comprising the rising action.
Crisis when a character is forced to make some kind of decision. usually closely connected to some kind of turning point in the story.
Recognition A moment when a character advances from a stage of ignorance to an advanced state of knowledge and recognizes something previously unrecognized. Comprises part of the characters development and growth.
Characterization concerns the variety of techniques and strategies used to create characters of various types. Relates you to characters.
Protagonist The central character in a story. Sets events in motion. Not always heroic in nature.
Antagonist Opposes the Protagonist. Can be society and nature, not just a person.
Hero like a protagonist, is a central character, associated with a strong moral character.
Anti-Hero like a protagonist, is a central character, associated with a strong moral character.
Foil A character that is used to highlight elements of more central characters through contrast. Main purpose to to allow aspects of more common characters to come out.
Stock Character Often used to populate the world of the story.
Flat Character A character that does not come across as fully developed. Distinguished by one main trait and does not have the capacity to change throughout the story.
Round Character A character that is developed and complex and has the capacity to change throughout the story.
Archetype A character, image, detail, motif, or other elements that consistently surfaces in literary works over time and represents a significant pattern in human experiences and beliefs.
Epiphany When a character has a strong realization or understanding. Crucial turning point. Inner transformation for the character.
Persona Whatever voice the author is using to tell the story. What style, what tone, etc.
Point of View The perspective from which the literary work is told. The lens of the narrator.
Monologue A speech delivered by one character onstage during a play.
Motivation The factors that cause characters to do the things they do.
First Person Point of View If author uses terms like "we, us, ours"
Second Person Point of View An account from the addressee's point of view. (you, your) Most commonly used in poetry.
Third Person Objective point of View: A distanced perspective where the narrator focuses just on the external events and does not convey information related to the inner thoughts, desires, and motives of character's; readers get little to no sense of what a character's thoughts are.
Third Person Limited Point of View readers re provided direct access to that particular characters thoughts, desires, and motivations.
Third Person Omniscient Point of View A narrative presence that is all-knowing and has access to all characters thoughts, motivations, feelings and lives.
Irony Takes many different forms. Refers to discrepancy between the literal and the actual.
Verbal Irony When a statement means the opposite of its literal meaning. (sarcasm)
Situational Irony When the expected situation ends up being different from the actual situation. (bought a bus ticket, was a holiday so didn’t need to pay)
Cosmic Irony When actions contradict results. (fate of a situations, greater universe, god controls)
Convention A method, technique or concept that is agreed upon by readers and authors.
Dramatic Irony When an audience knows more than characters. (the girls hair is on fire but she doesn’t know it yet)
Allegory A common example of a convention. A story that contains a literal meaning and a symbolic meaning. (Three little pigs)
Allusion A reference to some meaning that exists outside of the text.
Aside In drama, a brief passage spoken only so the audience can hear it.
Deus Ex Machina A phrase used to describe a situation where an outside force intervenes to resolve a human conflict.
Flashbacks Reliving a scene through a character's perspective. Helps readers understand more about characters motivations.
In media res a narrative device where the story begins in the "middle of things" to establish tension and attract readers attention
Satire A genre based on using humor to reveal human inconsistencies, weakness and contradictions.
Soliloquy A speech delivered by a character alone on stage.
Created by: 507463906