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Studying Psychology2

A lot of terms from Psychology

TermDefinition
Learning a relatively lasting change in behavior that is the result of experience
Extinction the gradual weakening of a conditioned response that results in the behavior decreasing or disappearing
Taste Aversion A condition where eating a substance is followed by illness
Learning theories attempt to describe how people tend to organize visual elements into groups or unified wholes when certain principles are applied
Stimulus generalization the tendency for the conditioned stimulus to evoke similar responses after the response has been conditioned
Negative reinforcement The removal of something unpleasant after doing something
Positive Reinforcement The addition of something pleasant after doing something
Punishment applying a stimulus after a behavior in order to reduce likelihood that the behavior will occur again in the future
Secondary reinforcement Reinforcing a behavior in the liklihood that it will occur again
Primary reinforcement Already learned, natural reaction
Reinforcement refer to anything that increases the likelihood that a response will occur
Operant conditioning a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior
Aversive stimuli things you don't want in the liklihood that a behavior will not occur
Behavior modification Taking away something unwanted in the liklihood that the behavior will reoccur
Continuous reinforcement Giving reward for wanted behavior
Fixed-ratio where a response is reinforced only after a specified number of responses
Fixed-interval where the first response is rewarded only after a specified amount of time has elapsed
variable-ratio reinforcement where a response is reinforced after an unpredictable number of responses
Variable-interval where a response is rewarded after an unpredictable amount of time has passed
Shaping gradually molding or training an organism to perform a specific response (behavior) by reinforcing any responses that are similar to the desired respon
Partial reinforcement reinforcing an organism only sometimes and not everytime the desired behavior occurs
Observation reinforcement acquiring information by observing others
Cognitive map mental representation of the layout of one's environment
learned helplessness behavior in which something reacts as something cannot be changed
Punishment by application Presenting something unwated in liklihood behavior will not occur
Punishment by removal Taking something wanted away in liklihood behavior will not return
Classical conditioning technique used in behavioral training
Bobo Doll Children learn aggression through watching others
Sensation the neural synaptic firing of our receptors and our brain's interpretation of these firings
Sensory Adaption reduced sensitivity to stimulation that results from repeated presentations of that stimulation
Perception our sensory experience of the world around us and involves both the recognition of environmental stimuli and actions in response to these stimuli
Parts of the neuron Dendrites, Axon, Axon terminal, Myelin sheath
Absolute threshold the smallest detectable level of a stimulus
Vestibular balance your sense of balance
Gestalt principles theories that attempt to describe how people tend to organize visual elements into groups or unified wholes when certain principles are applied
Weber's Law theories attempt to describe how people tend to organize visual elements into groups or unified wholes when certain principles are applied
Created by: Queckegorey