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# Electrostatics

### Electrodynamics/Electricity

Question | Answer |
---|---|

Define Electrostatics. | The study of electrons at rest |

Define Electrodynamics. | Electrons in motion (current flow) |

Define electrification. | Gain or loss of electrons from matter. |

Three types of electrification. | Friction, Contact, Induction |

Define friction and state whether or not it confers the same or opposite charge. | rubbing, same charge |

Define contact and state whether or not is confers the same or opposite charge. | touch, same charge |

Define induction and whether or not it confers the same or opposite charge. | No contact between objects, opposite charge |

What is a coulomb? | unit of electric charge |

1 coulomb is equal to how many electric charges | 1 C = 6.3 x 10^18 electric charges |

What is the difference between electrification and ionization? | Electrification is a gain/loss by matter whereas ionization is a gain/loss by an atom. |

Finish this law: Unlike charges__________, like charges _____________ | attract, repel |

Finish this law: Electrostatic force is _____ _____ to the product of the electrostatic charges and ______ proportional to the square of the _______ between them | directly proportional, inversely , distance |

What is the previous law also known as? | Coulomb's |

Finish this law: When an object is electrified,the ______________ | e- are distributed evenly within or outside the object. |

Finish this law: The charge is more concentrated ________________ | along the sharpest curve of the surface. |

Flow of electrons | Current |

What is the unit of measurement of Current? | Amp |

What is a circuit? | Pathway for current to flow (has to be closed to flow) |

What do we use to set our tube current? | mA (1/1000 of amp; milliamps) |

Potential difference is _______. | an excess of electrons at one end and deficiency at the other end |

What is the unit of measurement for potential difference? | voltage |

What do we use to set our potential difference within the tube? | kV,keV,kVp |

kV | kilovolt- average energy |

keV | kiloelectron volts - pot.diff. of each individual electron |

kVp | kilovolt peak - max. potential diff. that you set |

Name four states of matter. | Conductor, insulator, semiconductor, superconductor |

Give an example of a semiconductor. | silicon, germanium, arcelin |

Which state of matter does not allow current to flow due to very high resistance? Give some examples. | insulator (rubber, glass, non-sap wood) |

No resistance, allows free flow of current without potential difference. Cold temps. required. Which state of matter is being described? | superconductor |

Copper, aluminum, silver and gold are examples of what state of matter? | conductor |

Give examples of a superconductor. | niobium, titanium |

Path for current to flow with a potential difference. | Circuitry |

What are the two types of circuitry? | open and closed |

Which circuit does not allow flow of current? | open circuit |

Name five sources where current can come from. | battery, dynamo, solar, atomic, geothermal |

Which source converts mechanical energy into electric energy? | dynamo |

Source that converts chemical energy into electrical energy. | battery |

What are the four conditions in which current will flow? | vacuum, gas, ionic solutions,metallic conductor |

What is resistance? | opposition to current flow |

Wht is the unit of measurement for resistance? | ohm |

what four factors determine resistance? | type of material, length, diameter, temperature |

What material would be considered an insulator or ground? | glass or rubber |

Length and resistance have what kind of relationship | direct-longer the length, more resistance |

Diameter and resistance have what kind of relationship | indirect-smaller the diameter, more resistance |

Temperature and resistance have what kind of relationship | direct-hotter temp. , more resistance |

what are the components of a circuit | *resistiors *battery/energy source *capacitor *ammeter *voltmeter *switch *transformer *rheostat *diode *transistor |

inhibits flow of electrons | resistors |

provides electric potential | battery |

momentarily stores electric charge | capacitor |

measures electric current | ammeter |

measures electric potential | voltmeter |

turns circuit on or off by providing infinite resistance | switch |

increases or decreases voltage by fixed amount (AC only) | transformer |

variable resistor(mA selector) | rheostat |

allows e- to flow in only one direction | diode |

switch that can amplify signals | transistor |

a circuit in which all elements are connected in line along the same conductor | series circuit |

series circuit is measured by what | ammeter |

a circuit that contains elements that bridge conductors | parallel circuit |

parallel circuit is measured by what | voltmeter |

an ammeter measures __________, while a voltmeter measures __________ | *electric current in a circuit(quantity) *potential difference between two points in a circuit(energy) |

What is the formula for Ohm's Law? | V= IR or I= V/R or R= V/I *voltage across the total circuit or any part of the circuit times resistance *I=amperage *v=voltage *R=resistance |

what is the formula for total resistance in a parallel circuit | Rt= R1+R2+R3 |

what is it when electrons flow in one direction only | DC(direct current) *required for xray tube |

what is it when electrons alternate in different directions like sine waves. | AC(alternating current) |

What formula is used to determine total power? | P= IV(I= amperage, V= voltage) |

caused by heat resistance. | Power loss |

What formula is used to determine power loss? | P = I^2*R |

Created by:
bigad1982