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Resp 2.12

Blood Gas evaluation study guide questions

QuestionAnswer
Normal value for pH 7.35-7.45
Normal value for PaCO2 35-45 mmHg
Normal value for PaO2 80-100 mmHg
Normal value for HCO3 22-26
Normal value for BE +-2
Normal value for SaO2 95-97% can be 100%
pH acidosis less than 7.35
pH alkalosis (base) more than 7.45
CO2 acidosis more than 45
CO2 alkalosis less than 35
HCO3 acidosis less than 22
HCO3 alkalosis more than 26
What is happening with respiratory acidosis increased CO2 in the lungs
What is happening with respiratory alkalosis decreased CO2 in the lungs
What happens with metabolic acidosis decreased HCO3 in kidneys
What happens with metabolic alkalosis increased HCO3 in kidneys
What hapens in combined acidosis increased CO2 in the lungs and decrease HCO3 in kidneys
What happens in combined alkalosis decreased CO2 in the lungs and increase HCO3 in kidneys
Uncompensated either the HCO3 or CO2 must be w/in normal limits or pH is not normal
compensated pH is w/in normal limits or Both PCO2 and HCO3 are outside their normal ranges
partially compensated pH is not normal and/or both PCO2 and HCO3 are outside their normal ranges
combined Three parameters are all either acid or all alkaline
Normal oxygenation 80-100
mild oxygenation (hypoxemia) 60-79
moderate oxygenation (hypoxemia) 40-59
severe oxygenation (hypoxemia) less than 40
hyperoxia more than 100
What do if you have resp acidosis increase ventilation (rate or depth of respiration)
What to do if you have resp alkalosis decrease ventilation (rate or depth of respiration)
What to do if you have metabolic acidosis stop diarrhea, treat kidney failure
What to do if you have metabolic alkalosis DC NG tube, stop vomiting
Created by: TnJFarrington12