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Pathology Ch 7 & 9

Cardiovascular and Hematopoietic system

QuestionAnswer
Freshly oxygenated blood leaves the _________ through the __________ ________ and enters the __________ __________. Lungs; Pulmonary veins; Left Atrium
From the left atrium, blood passes through the __________ __________ (also called the _________ _________) and enters the _________ ____________. Mitral valve; bicuspid valve; Left ventricle
From the left ventricle, blood passes through the __________ _________ and into the _________ where it then goes superior to the __________ and _____________ ___________... Aortic valve; Aorta; Carotid and Subclavian arteries
From the left ventricle, blood passes through the ___________ ___________ and into the __________ where it then goes inferior to the __________ __________. Aortic valve; Aorta; Femoral artery
Blood flows back to the __________ from the upper body through the ________________ ____________ and lower body through the ____________ _____________. Heart; Superior Vena Cava; Inferior Vena Cava
Blood traveling back to the heart from the ___________ and ___________ __________ enters the __________ __________, then passes through the __________ ___________ and into the ___________ _____________. Superior & Inferior Vena Cava; Right Atrium; Tricuspid Valve; Right Ventricle
From the right ventricle, blood passes through the ___________ ___________ to the _____________ _____________ and into the _______. Pulmonic (pulmonary) valve; Pulmonary Artery; Lungs
The pulmonary artery branches into _________ __________ ___________ which enter the __________ for _______________. 2 Pulmonary arteries (left & right); Lungs; Re-oxygenation
What are the most common CONGENITAL cardiac lesions? Left to right shunts
This defect will permit mixing of blood from system and pulmonary circulations as a result of what? Atrial Septal Defect; Nonclosure of the foramen ovale after birth
What is the most common cause of cyanotic congenital heart disease? Tetralogy of Fallot
This is constriction of the aorta at the distal arch: Coarctation of the aorta
Define coarctation: constriction; tight or narrow compression
This disease causes ischemic heart disease as a result of decreased oxygen to the myocardium: Coronary Artery Disease
This is a general term describing any hardening (and loss of elasticity) of medium or large arteries: Arteriosclerosis
This is a form of arteriosclerosis caused specifically by atheromatous plaque: Atherosclerosis (atheromatous=lipid containing)
What is Myocardial Infarction? Death of myocardial cells caused by a lack of blood supply.
This is the inability of the heart to propel blood at the rate and volume sufficient for adequate supply to the tissues: Congestive Heart Failure
___________ ___________ is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the _____________ pulmonary __________. Pulmonary edema; extravascular pulmonary tissues
What will typically cause pulmonary edema? Kidneys not working properly
What is the leading cause of strokes and CHF? Hypertension
COPD: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Define High Blood Pressure: Systolic above 140 mmHg/ Diastolic above 90 mmHg
An area of an artery in which the walls are dilated: Aneurysm
This is a dilation or bulging on only one side of an arterial wall: Saccular aneurysm
This is when the entire circumference of a vessel wall is bulging: Fusiform Aneurysm
___________ __________ is disruption of the intima allowing blood to flow between the layers of the wall. Aortic dissection
What is a thrombus? An intravascular clot
A piece of blood that enters the bloodstream is an _____________. Embolism
An accumulation of fluid in the membrane surrounding the heart: Pericardial Effusion
What is a major source of fatal pulmonary emboli? Deep Vein Thrombosis
(RBC's) A decrease in the amount of oxygen-carrying hemoglobin in the blood: Anemia
What is the most common cause of anemia? Iron Deficiency
Defective red blood cells with a shortened life span can cause: Hemolytic Anemia
This is a type of hemolytic anemia is generally confined to African-Americans: Sickle Cell Anemia
What type of hemolytic anemia is predominantly in Italian, Greek and Sicilian descent Thalassemia
Failure of bone marrow to function in the production of enough RBC's, WBC's and platelets: Aplastic Anemia
A neoplastic proliferation of white blood cells: Leukemia
____________ are neoplasms of the lymph nodes, spleen, and lymphoid tissues of the GI tract, lungs and skin. Lymphomas
Infectious mononucleosis may be caused by what? The Epstein-Barr Virus
This inherited anomaly in blood coagulation that appears clinically only in males: Hemophilia
Created by: foster1317