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Position Ch 18 quiz

Urinary system quiz

QuestionAnswer
What are the functions of the kidneys? 1)removing waste from blood 2)maintain fluid & electrolyte balance 3)secrete substances affecting BP
Amount of urine excreted daily? 1-2 liters
Approximately how much do the kidneys drop from supine to upright? 2 inches
What is the essential microscopic, functional component of renal parenchyma? Nephron
What serves as the filter for the blood in the kidney? Glomerulus
The cup-shaped recesses in the center of each kidney that receive the urine from the collecting ducts are called the: Calyces
The adult bladder can hold how much urine? 500 mL
Where do the ureters enter the bladder? Posterior Wall
The point at which the ureters enter the bladder is called: Ureterovesical Junction
Which projection would place the right kidney perpendicular to the IR? AP Oblique RPO
What is the central-ray angulation for the AP axial urinary bladder? 10 to 15 degrees Caudad (centered 2" above upper border of symphysis)
What is the central ray angulation for the PA Axial projection of the urinary bladder? 10 to 15 degrees Cephalad
Mild reactions to IV contrast? Warmth, Metallic taste, sneezing
Moderate reactions to IV contrast? Nausea, vomiting, itching
Severe reactions to IV contrast? Anaphylactic reactions resulting in respiratory or cardiac crisis
What is the best overall index of kidney function? GFR
Normal creatinine levels? 0.6 to 1.2 mg/100 mL
Normal GFR levels? 120 to 125 mL/Minute
Most common contraindications for intravenous urography include: 1)Anuria; 2)renal failure
The antiseptic used to cleanse the skin before venipuncture should remain on the skin for how long? 30 seconds
Before venipuncture the skin is cleaned in what kind of motion and how large of an area? Circular motion; 2 inch area
During venipuncture, how far above the site of the puncture is the tourniquet placed? 6 to 8 inches
What is the angle of the needle to the skin's surface during venipuncture? 45 degrees
After the needle enters the skin during venipuncture, the angle of the needle is reduced how many degrees to the long axis of the vessel? 15 degrees
When blood or the medication injected into a vessel leaks out, it is called: Extravasation or Infiltration
Signs or extravasation or infiltration? Swelling, burning, pain, redness
What therapies would be applied if contrast medium infiltrates the surrounding tissues? 1)Ice if under 30 minutes 2)Warm compress if over 30 minutes
Created by: foster1317