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Pathology chapter7/9

What is the most common congenital cardiac lesion? Left to right shunts
What permits mixing of the blood from system and pulmonary circulation? Atrial septal defect
What is a result of atrial septal defect? A non-closure of the foremen ovale after birth
What is the most common cause of congenital heart disease? Teratology of fallot
This is the constriction of the aorta at the distal arch Coarctation of the aorta
Coronary heart disease causes what Ischemia heart disease
Ischemia heart disease is a result of what Decreased oxygen to the myocardium
What is the general term describing any hardening and loss of elasticity of medium or large arteries Arteriosclerosis
This is the hardening of an artery specifically due to an atheromatous Atherosclerosis
Atherosclerosis is a form of what Arteriosclerosis
The death of the myocardial cells caused by a lack of blood supply is known as Myocardial infarction
This is the inability of the heart to propel blood at a rate and volume sufficient to provide an adequate supply to the tissues Congestive heart failure
What is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the extravascular pulmonary tissue Pulmonary edema
What is the leading cause of strokes and CHF Hypertension
What is a high blood pressure defined as Systolic pressure above 140mmHg and a diastolic number above 90mmHg
What does COPD stand for Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
What is the area of an artery in which the walls are dilated An aneurysm
This is the dilation or bulging on only one side of the arterial wall Saccular aneurysm
What is it called when the entire circumference of the vessel wall is bulging Fusiform aneurysm
What is the disruption of the intima allowing blood to flow between the layers of the wall Aortic dissection
What is the term meaning intravascular clot Thrombus
What is a piece of a blood clot that enters the blood stream called An embolism
The accumulation of fluid in the membrane surrounding the heart called Pericardial effusion
What is a major source of fatal pulmonary emboli Deep vein thrombosis
This is a decrease in the amount of oxygen carrying hemoglobin in the blood Anemia
What is the most common cause of anemia An iron deficiency
This is caused by defective red look cells with a shortened life span Hemolytic anemia
What is a type of hemolytic anemia predominantly in Italians, Greek, and Sicilian descent Thalassemia
What is the failure of bone marrow to function called Aplastic anemia
This is a neoplasticism proliferation of white blood cells Leukemia
These are neoplasms of the lymph nodes, spleen, and the lymphoid tissues of the gastrointestinal tract, lungs and skin Lymphomas
Infectious mononucleosis may be caused by what The Epstein-Barr virus
This is an inherited anomaly in blood coagulation that appears clinically only in males Hemophilia
Created by: atesta0824