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cardiovascular & hem

Pathology

QuestionAnswer
What is the most common confenital cardiac lesions? left-to-right shunts
- permits mixing of blood from system and pulmonary circulations as a result of nonclosure of the foramen ovale after birth atrial septal defect
What is the most common cause of cyanotic congenital heart disease? Tetralogy of Fallot
Constirction of the aorta at the distal arch is called? coarctation of the aorta
What causes ischemic heart disease as a result of decreased oxygen to the myocardium? coronary artery disease
- a general term describing any hardening ( and loss of elasticity) of medium or large arteries artericosclerosis
-hardening of an artery sepcifically due to an atheromatous plaque atherosclerosis
Death of myocardial cells caused by a lack of blood supply is known as? myocardial infarction
- the inability of the heart to propel blood at a rate and volume sufficient to provide an adequate supply to the tissues congestive heart failure
- abnormal accumulation of fluid in the extravascular pulmonary tissues pulmonary edema
What is the leading cause of strokes and CHF? hypertension
What is considered high blood pressure? systolic above 140 and diastolic above 90
What does COPD stand for? Cronic obstructive pulomary disease
- an area of an artery in which the walls are dilated aneurysm
- dilation or bulging on only one side of the arterial wall saccular aneurysm
- when the entire circumference of the vessel wall is bluging fusiform aneurysm
- the disruption of the intima allowing blood to flow between the layers of the wall aortic dissection
- intravascular clot thrombus
- piece of a blood clot that enters the bloodstream embolism
- an accumlation of fluid in the membrane surrounding the heart pericardial effusion
- major source of fatal pulmonary emboli deep vein thrombosis
- decrease in the amt of oxygen carrying hemoglobin in the blood anemia
What is the most common cause of an iron deficiency? anemia
- caused by defective red blood cells with a shortened life span hemolytic anemia
- a type of hemolytic anemia predominantly in italians, greek and sicilian descent thalassemia
- failure of bone marrow to function aplastic anemia
- a nepolastic proliferation of white blood cells leukemia
- neoplasms of the lymph nodes, the spleen, and the lymphoid tissues of the gastrointestinal tract, lungs, and skin lymphomas
What can cause infectious mononucleosis? Epstein-Barr virus
- an inherited anomaly in blood coagulation that appears clinically only in males hemophilia
Created by: erikasmith28