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Urinary Sys Quiz

QuestionAnswer
What are the functions of the kidneys? removing waste from the blood, maintain fluid and electrolytes, secreting substances that affect blood pressure and other body functions
What amt of urine is excreted daily? 1-2 L
Approx how much do kidneys drop from the supine position to the upright position? no more than 2"
What are microscopic components of parenchyma of the the kidney called? nephrons
What serves as a filter for blood in the kidney? glomerulus
What receives urine from the collecting ducts? calyces
How much urine can the adult bladder hold? 500 mL
Where do the ureters enter the bladder? UVJ ureterovesical junction
List the mile reactions to contrast media. warmth and flushing, metallic taste, sneezing
List the moderate reactions of contrast media. nausea, vomiting, hives and edema of respiratory mucous membrane
What is the best indicator of Creat level? GFR
what is the normal creat level? 0.6 - 1.2
What comprosises the urinary system? 2 kidneys, 2 ureters, bladder, urethra
What projection would place the RT kidney parellel to the IR? AP RPO
What is the CR angle for the AP axial urinary bladder? 10-15 deg caudal
CR angle for the PA axial urinary bladder? 10-15 deg cephalad
List the severe reactions of contrast media respiratory or cardiac crisis
Most common contraindications for IVU? ability of the kidneys to filter contrzst medium from the blood, and the pt alleric history
How long should alcohol soultion be left on the skin before the needle is instered? 30 sec
How much of an area around the puncture site should be cleaned? 2 in circle
How far above the puncture site should a tourniquet be placed? 6-8 inc
At what angle should the needle be held? 45 deg
- a complication when the medication or contrast material enters the soft tissue instead of the vein infiltration
What are signs of infiltration? swelling, redness, burning, and pain
What are some common therapies for infiltration? apply ice if its within 30 mins of happening warm wet compress if more than 30 mins
Created by: erikasmith28