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ccctc test 8 renal

defenitions for test 8 renal

QuestionAnswer
composed of the kidneys and represents a major route to eliminate drugs; produces hormones and regulates body fluid and electrolyte balance renal system
a disease characterized by overproduction or insufficient elimination or uric acid within the body that will crystallize in the joints and cause pain and inflammation gout
salts which are dissolved in body fluids and are necessary in proper concentration to maintain normal body functions electrolytes
uses of electrolytes replacement of depleted salts
side effects of electrolytes stomach upset, constipation, diarrhea
examples of electrolytes ammonium, bicarbonate, calcium, chloride, magnesium, phosphate, potassium, sodium
uses for diuretics treat congestive heart failure, hypertension and fluid retention
mechanism of action for diuretics alter the body's electrolyte pattern by prohibiting or enhancing excretion of electrolytes
note: most diuretics increase potassium secretion this can be corrected by eating high-potassium foods such as bananas and orange juice or taking a potassium sparing diuretic
thiazide and related diuretic uses reduce blood pressure
mechanism of action for thiazide and related diuretics causes kidneys to secrete more, decreases water retention, decrease blood pressure
side effects of thiazide and related diuretics increased urination, weakness, muscle cramps, stomach upset, dizziness
hydochlorothiazide hydrodiuril
indapamide lozol
metolazone zaroxolyn
uses for loop diuretics treat congestive heart failure and a very potent diuretic
side effects of loop diuretics increased urination, weakness, muscle cramps, stomach upset, dizziness
furosemide lasix
bumetanide bumex
torsemide demadex
uses for potassium sparing diuretics treats congestive heart failure, weak diuretic--often used in combination with other diuretics, no potassium supplement needed
side effects of potassium sparing diuretics increased urination, weakness, muscle cramps, stomach upset, dizziness
spironolactone aldactone
amiloride midamor
combination diuretics diuretics with HCTZ
amiloride + HCTZ moduretic
triamterene + HCTZ maxzide, dyazide
difference between maxzide and dyazide maxzide is a tablet and dyazide is a capsule
uses for osmotic diuretics to produce and intense diuresis in a hospital setting
mechanism of action for osmotic diuretics pull water out of the body and into the kidneys
examples of osmotic diuretics mannitol and urea
uses for gout agents prevention and treatment of gout attacks
allopurinol zyloprim
mechanism of action for allopurinol(zyloprim) inhibits uric acid production
side effects of allopurinol (zyloprim) rash
probenecid benemid
mechanism of action for probenecid (benemid) enhance the excretion of uric acid
side effects of probenecid (benemid) kidney stones
colcrys used to be colchicine
uses for colcrys (colchicine) drug of choice for accute gout attacks
mechanism of action for colcrys (colchicine)` reduces the pain and swelling of gouty flares
Created by: kfpolchies
 

 



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