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Cardiovascular PTA

cardio chapter

TermDefinition
HR 70 BPM (60-80)
Tachycardia >100 BPM
Bradycardia <60 BPM
Pediatric HR 120 BPM (70-170)
Borg Rate of Perceived Exercertion Scale 6-20 (6=no exercise at all; 13=somewhat hard; 20=max exertion)
BP Normal=120/80; pre-HTN=120-139/80-89; HTN stage1=140-159/90-99; HTN stage2= >160/100
RR Normal=12-20 breaths per minute Pediatric=30-60 breaths per minute Tachycardia= >20 breaths per minute
Cholestrol (levels to determine MI) Desirable <200; Borderline 200-230; high risk >240
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) (levels to determine MI) low risk >60; mod risk 35-60; high risk <35
Low Density lipoprotein (LDL) (levels to determine MI) >100 with multiple risk factors; >160 for low risk individuals
Triglycerides <165
LDL/HDL ratios low risk: 0.5-3.0; mod risk: 3.0-6.0; high risk: >6.0
SAO2 >95% (88-90% need supplemental oxygen)
PaO2 80-100mm HG
PacO2 35-45mm HG
pH whole blood 7.35-7.45
Acidiotic below 7.35
Alkalotic above 7.45
Leukocyte Blood Count 5,000-10,000 for both men and women
Erythrocyte Blood Count Male: 4.7-6.1 10^4/mm^2 Female: 4.2-5.4 10^4/mm^2
Hematocrit% of RBC of the whole blood vol. male: 42-52% female: 37-47% >25% but less than normal=light exercise <25% exercise contrainicated
Hemoglobin Total male: 14-18g/dt female: 12-16g/dl
Platelet Count 150,000-450,000 cell/mm^2
Fibrinogen, plasma 175-433 mg/dl
Max Heart Rate Equation 220-pt's age
Target Heart Rate (THR) Karvonen's formula: 60-80%(HRmax-restingHR)+resting HR=THR -OR- 220-pt's age x 60-80%
Uncontrolled Diabetes glucose level resting glucose= >400mg/dl
Atherosclerosis inner layers of blood vessels are made thick and irregular by deposits of cholesterol
Arteriosclerosis
Created by: baguthrie