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Rad Pathology Ch 6

Urinary System

QuestionAnswer
A rare anomaly in which a kidney fails to develop: Unilateral Renal Agenesis
A rare anomaly in which there is a third, rudimentary (underdeveloped) kidney: Supernumerary Kidney
A miniature replica of a kidney: Hypoplastic Kidney
An acquired condition that occurs when one kidney is required to do the job of two. Compensatory Hypertrophy
Where a kidney is not located in the normal position: Ectopic Kidney
A condition where the kidneys are fused at their lower poles: Horseshoe Kidney
This is the most common type of kidney fusion: Horseshoe Kidney
A cystic dilation of the distal ureter near its insertion into the urinary bladder: Ureterocele
2 of the most common renal conditions found in children: Ureterocele and Ureteral Duplication
A nonsuppurative inflammatory process involving the tufts of the capillaries within the Bowman's Capsule. Causes a smaller than normal amount of urine. Glomerulonephritis
A smaller than normal amount of urine: Oliguria
A suppurative inflammatory process of the kidney and renal pelvis. Pyelonephritis
A type of severe infection that occurs almost exclusively in diabetic patients: Emphysematous Pyelonephritis
This is the most common hospital acquired infection of the urinary system: Cystitis
A large renal calculus that completely fills the renal pelvis: Staghorn Calculus
A calcium deposit within the renal parenchyma: Nephrocalcinosis
This can occur when there is a blockage above the level of the bladder (in the ureter): Hydronephrosis
The most common unifocal mass of the kidneys: Renal Cyst
An inherited disease involving multiple cysts on the kidneys causing enlarged kidneys. Polycystic Disease
The most common renal neoplasm: Hypernephroma (also called renal cell carcinoma)
This is the most common abdominal neoplasm of infancy and childhood: Wilm's Tumor (Kidney Tumor)
This type of cancer originates in the adrenal medullary: Neuroblastoma (2nd most common malignancy in children)
This cancer originates in the epithelium of the bladder: Urothelial Carcinoma
This condition almost always occurs rapidly after an episode of severe dehydration in children and causes enlarged kidneys: Renal Vein Thrombosis
Created by: foster1317