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Psych 232- Chpt.5-6

Psychosocial & Cognitive Development from 1-3

types of imitation invisible, visible, deferred, elicited
Invisible imitation using body part they cant see like mouth
visible imitation parts baby can see, hands & feet
Deferred imitation imitation after delay
Elicited imitation based on explanation only, child is told what to do
habituation type of learning in which familiarity is indicated by reduced response, before sympathetic NS
Dishabituation increase in responsiveness after presentation with new stimuli, Sympathetic NS is now active & baby will look in direction of stimuli
Information processing Perceptual & Conceptual
Perceptual based on how things look, birds & planes can fly because they have wings
Conceptual Based on what things are, chairs & tables are both furniture
Information process casualty understanding one event causes another, allows us the control & predict world, manipulating mobil with feet
Types of memory explicit, implicit & working
explicit conscious or intensional, fact, names & events
Implicit unconscious recall, habit & skills
Working short-term storage of information
Emotion in 1st month smiling seen from birth, smiles when gently moved (patty cake), smiling & cooing
Involuntary smiling appears at birth, result of subcortical brain activity
Waking smile starts at one month, considered social & elicited through gentle jiggling, tickling or kissing
attachment reciprocal & enduring bond between child & caregiver
Secure attachment plays freely when mother is near & happy when she returns
Insecure-resistant attachment hovers around mother & angry when she leaves
Disorganized attachment in consistent & erratic, seems overwhelmed by stress, caused by abusive or overbearing parents
Avoidance attachment baby rarely cries & isn't affected by mothers coming & going
Influences on attachment -Paternal: warmth, responsiveness, employment, amount of separation, & past memories child has -Baby's temperament
Long term effects of attachment -more secure: develop healthy relationships -larger vocab. & better self-esteem -higher level of curiosity & self-confidence -preparation for adult intimate relationships
Autonomy vs. shame & doubt -shift from external control to self-control, terrible 2s -help toddler recognize need for limits
types of child abuse physical, neglect, sexual, emotional
Created by: jessiedig