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Urinary - Pathology

QuestionAnswer
- a rare anomaly in which a kidney fails to develop unilateral renal agenesis
- rare anomaly in which there is a third rudimentary kidney supernumerary kidney
A miniature replica of a kidney? hypoplastic kidney
- an aquired condition that occurs when one kidney is required to do the job of two compensatory hypertrophy
- a kidney not located in the normal location ectopic kidney
- the most common type of fusion anomaly; kidneys fused at their lower poles horseshoe kidney
- cystic dilatation of the distal ureter near its insertion into the urinary bladder ureterocele
The two most common conditions found in children? ureterocele & ureteral duplication
- an nonsuppurative inflammatory process involving the tufts of the capillaries within the bowmans capsule; causes oliguria a smaller than normal amount of urine glomerulonephritis
- a suppurative inflammatory process of the kidney and renal pelvis pyelonephritis
- type of severe infection that occurs almost exclusively in diabetic patients emphysematous pyelonephritis
- the most common hospital aquired infection of the urinary system cystitis
- completely fills the renal pelvis staghorn calculus
- calcium deposit within the renal parenchyma nephrocalcinosis
- occurs when there is a blockage above the level of the bladder hydronephrosis
- the most common unifocal mass of the kidneys renal cysts
- an inherited disease involving multiple cysts on the kidneys , causes enlarged kidneys polycystic disease
- the most common renal neoplasm hypernephroma
- the most common abdominal neoplasm of infancy and childhood wilms tumor
- orginates in the adrenal medullary neuroblastoma
- orginates in the epithelium of the bladder urothelial
- in children, almost always occurs rapidly after an episode of severe dehydration; causes enlarged kidneys vein thrombosis
Created by: erikasmith28