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ccctc test 7

defenitions for test 7

QuestionAnswer
Composed of the heart, arteries, capillaries, and veins. transports nutrients to tissues and removes wastes from tissues cardiovascular system
abnormal heart rhythm or heartbeats occur and vary from the normal orderly sequence. this can reduce the heart's ability to pump blood. arrythmia
chest pain is caused by an insufficient amount of oxygenated blood reaching the heart muscle. angina
an infection involving the heart endocarditis
being obtained from the digitalis plant and exert powerful action on the heart, it also increases the muscle's contraction and improves irregular heartbeats cardiac glycosides
uses for cardiac glycosides treat congestive heart failure and some arrhythmias
mechanism of action for cardiac glycosides unknown, but cardiac glycosides increase the contraction of the heart
side effects of cardiac glycosides nausea/vomiting, confusion, arrhythmias, yellow/green halos, low therapeutic index
digoxin lanoxin, digitex
uses for antiarrhytmics help to restore and maintain normal heart rhythms
mechanism of action for antiarrhythmics multiple classes have different effects on the heart to affect its rhythm
side effects of antiarrhythmics nausea/vomiting, confusion, arrythmias
lidocaine xylocaine
procainamide procan
quinidine quinidex
amiodarone cordarone
flecainide tambocor
propafenone rythmol
uses for antianginals treats angina
mechanism of action for antianginals decreases the amoun tof blood that returns to the heart, decreasing the heart rate or decreasing the resistance to pump, and decreases the amount of work for the heart
side effects for antianginals dizziness, low blood pressure, and headaches because of dilation of blood vessels
nitroglycerin nitrostat
isosorbide dinitrate osordil
isosorbide mononitrate imdur
why should nitroglycerin not be stored in soft plastic because nitroglycerin readily undergoes absorption to many soft plastics
uses for vasodilators treats peripheral vascular disease caused by arteriosclerosis and advanced diabetes
mechanism of action for vasodilators dilate peripheral blood vessels, increase blood flow to extremities by relaxing the smooth muscle of the blood vessels
side effects of vasodilators tachycardia (increased heart rate)
hydralazine apresoline
uses for PDE-5 meds treats erectile dysfunction, treat pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH)
mechanism of action for PDE-5 a PDE-5 inhibitor works to increase blood flow in the penis through vasodilation. PDE-5 is also used to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension
side effects of PDE-5 appear to be dose related: headache, dizziness, flushing, dyspepsia, nasal congestion, rhinitis
contraindications PDE5 inhibitors are contraindicated in patients taking nitrate medication. They are also contraindicated in men for whom sexual intercourse is inadvisable because of cardiovascular risk factors.
sildenafil viagra
tadalafil cialis
vardenafil levitra
uses for calcium channel blockers treat hypertension and angina
mechanism of action for calcium channel blockers dialate coronary arteries, reduce oxygen demand on the heart, and decrease heart rate; ccblockers work by blocking voltage-gated calcium channels in cardiac muscle and blood vessels
side effects of calcium channel blockers constipation
nifedipine procardia
verapamil calan, isoptin
diltiazem cardizem
amlodipine norvasc
felodipine plendil
uses for angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors treat hypertension and congestive heart failure
mechanism of action for angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors prevents the conversion of angiotensin 1 and angiotensin 2
side effects of ACE inhibitors cough [if the cough persists then try a different one]; rash/swelling
captopril capoten
enalapril vasotec
lisinopril zestril, prinivil
benazepril lotensin
fosinopril monopril
quinapril accupril
ramipril altace
moexipril univasc
trandolapril mavik
angiotensin 2 inhibitors uses treats hypertension and congestive heart failure
mechanism of action for angiotensin 2 inhibitors inhibits angiotensin 2 and reduces vasoconstriction and blood pressure
losartan cozaar
valsartan diovan
irbesartan avapro
uses for beta-adrenergic blockers treats hypertension and angina
mechanism of action for beta-adrenergic blockers inhibits the action at the beta receptors on the heart; some are selective for the beta cells only on the herat, while others are non-selective and can act in other places within the body, e.g. lungs
side effects of beta-adrenergic blockers hypotension, bronchocontriction [not used with asthma patients-if used, must be with caution], dizziness
atenolol tenormin
metoprolol lopressor
propranolol inderal
nadol corgard
sotalol betapace
acebutolol sectral
labetolol trandate
bisoprolol zabeta
alpha-adrenergic blockers uses treat hypertension, severe congestive heart failure, and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
mechanism of action for alpha-adrenergic blockers inhibits the action at the alpha receptors in the blood vessels
side effects of alpha-adrenergic blockers orthostatic hypotension and dizziness
prazosin minipress
terazosin hytrin
doxazosin cardura
tamsulosin flomax
uses for antilipidemic agents treat heart disease and high cholesterol
mechanism of action for antilipidemic agents reduces serum lipids and minimizes the rate of new fat deposition; decreases LDL, decreases triglycerides
side effects of antilipidemic agents diarrhea, constipation, flushing
lovastatin mevacor
gemfibrozil lopid
cholestyramine questran
pravastatin pravachol
simvastatin zocor
atorvastatin lipitor
fluvastatin lescol
fenofibrate tricor
Created by: kfpolchies
 

 



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