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Week 3 114

final notes week 3 114

QuestionAnswer
Because of the ease of self-treatment by purchasing OTC meds, many pantients _____________________ dont consult their physician/pharmacist about possible drug interactions.
The four main functions of the GI system are ________ ____________ ________ ________ digestion, absorption, metabolism and excretion.
The various organ of the GI system work ______ hours a day. 24
The mouth has 3 pairs of salivary glands for the beginning of food digestion. These 3 glands are? sublingual, submandibular and parotid.
The three sections of the small intestine are? duodenum, jejunum and ileum.
Maltase is __________ an enzyme that breaks down sugars.
Treatments for the mouth and throat include? mouthwashes, sprays, lozenges or troches.
What is the number one cause for peptic ulcer disease? H.pylori
H.pylori is linked to what 3 conditions? gastritis, peptic ulcers and stomach cancers.
A muscle located at the junction between the esophagus and the upper stomach that relaxes to permit food and liquids to pass from the esophagus into the stomach and then contracts to prevent stomach contents from returning to the esophagus is called ____? lower esophageal sphincter (LES)
Foods that can aggravate GERD are? citrus fruits, chocolate, caffeinated beverages, fried/fatty foods, mint flavoring, spicy foods, tomato based foods, garlic and onions.
Lifestyle factors that aggravate GERD are? alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking.
Anatomical barries that protect against LPR are the? gastroesophageal junction, esophageal motor function, acid clearance and upper esophageal sphincter (UES)
An ulcer is ______? an open wound or sore that can occur anywhere on the body.
Nearly 2/3 of the population is infected with ______, the number 1 cause of PUD. H.pylori
Medicines that can cause ulcers include? salicylates (asprin), NSAIDs (naproxen), and corticosteroids (prednisone)
The treatment of GERD, LPR and PUD is aimed at ______________. reducing GI irritants, and increasing protective factors.
H2 receptor antagonists are used for the treatment of? GERD, LPR, PUD
The most potent H2 receptor antagonist is ______. ranitidine
PPI's are effective in treating GERD, LPR and PUD because they decrease gastic acids.
Omeprazole is the only PPI available for OTC use.
PPIs decrease gastric acids by? interfering with the final step in gastric acid production. They interfere with hydrogen and potassium ion exchange.
Prokinetic drugs increase _______ and improve _____tones peristalsis, LES
IBS, ulcerative colitis and Crohns disease are conditions linked to? inflammation of the GI tract.
Ulcerative colitis affect men and women ______. equally
Ulcerative colitis differs from Crohn's disease how? Ulcerative colitis produces inflammation in the upper layers of the small intestine and colon. Crohn's disease produces inflammation deep in the intestinal wall.
IBS is treated by administering? serotonin receptor antagonists, antidiarrheals, laxatives, fiber supplements and anticholinergics.
Alosetron is used to control __________? diarrhea caused by severe IBS.
Bulk-forming laxatives and fiber supplements are administered to relieve what? constipation and diarrhea.
Immunisuppressants are used in the treatment of Crohn's disease to induce ______. remission.
Created by: dmhehr
 

 



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