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pt seminar.

midterm

QuestionAnswer
These people used massage as a therapeutic agent (shiatsu) chinese
These rivers were worshiped because of their healing powers niles and ganges
exercise means... ...freed movement
orthopedics means... ...to straighten children (would straighten out children with scoliosis)
functional anatomy "inventor" andreus vesalius
"the complete bonesetter" friar moulton
___________ coined the term orthopedics nicholas andre
proposed practice of osteopathy andrew taylor still
rule of the artery osteopathy
blood flow leads to good health rule of the artery
proposed practice of chiropractic d.d. palmer
law of the nerve chiropractic
the body has the substance within to grow and repair; disease occurs when nerve stimuli is changed law of the nerve
the first physical therapists reconstruction aids in wwi
founder of physical therapy (physiotherapy) mary mcmillan
first apta president mary mcmillan
required physical therapy departments in hospitals with over 100 beds hill burton act
you can access a pt directly without the referral of a doctor direct access
disease, disorder, condition pathology/injury
chickenpox, ms, and scoliosis are all examples of... pathology/injury
alterations in anat/phys, or psychological structures or function impairements
broken bone, fractured humerus, and an acl tear are all examples of... impairments
inability to perform physical task or activity functional limitation
not being able to walk is an example of a... functional limitation
inability or limitation in performing activities related to sociocultural context disability
not being able to work is an example of a... disability
five components of patient/client management examination, evaluation, diagnosis, prognosis, intervention
three components of an examination history, systems review, tests and measurements
what your patients tell you subjective examination
the four parts of an examination subjective, objective, assessment, plan
a list of possible ailments related to the symptoms differential diagnosis
an examination is made up of two things... open and closed ended questions
general demographics sex, age, race, language
social history cultural beliefs, social interactions
occupation/emploment repetitive stresses? sedentary?
growth and development hand/foot dominance, developmental history
living environment stairs?
persistent pain at night, constant pain, unexplained weight loss, loss of appetite, unusual lumps or growths, unwarranted fatigue cancer
SOB, dizziness, heaviness in chest, pulsating pain, constant and severe LE or UP pain, discolored or painful feet, swelling cardiovascular
frequent or severe abdominal pain, frequent heartburn or indigestion, frequent nausea or vomiting, change in bladder function (UTI), unusual menstrual irregularity gastrointestinal
change in hearing, frequent or severe HA without Hx of injury, problems with swallowing or speech, visual changes, problems with balance, coordination, falling, drop attacks, sudden weakness neurological
why is the patient here? MOI history of current condition
out of the blue, but lasts for awhile insidious
inciting trauma, repetitive activity, predisposing factors? position, forces applied? medical attention, intervention? mechanism of injury
onset, insidious, and progression is between 7-10 days acute
onset, insidious, and progression is between 10 days - 7 weeks subactue
onset, insidious, and progression is longer than 7 weeks chronic
deep, boring, very localized bone
diffuse, aching, poorly localized vascular
sharp, shooting, bright, lightening like nerve
dull, aching, cramping muscle
not locking in the same position every time pseudolocking
ringing in the ear tinnitus
over mobile hypermobile
popping or rubbing crepitus
sitting for a long period of time and being stiff when standing cinema sign
hyperextension of the knee recurvatum
>< valgus
<> varus
patella is sitting medially commonly associated with femur-patella pain squinting
patella is sitting laterally. commonly associated with bow legged frog/grasshopper eyes
patella is sitting high. tight quads alta
patella is sitting low baja
hard end feel bone
soft end feel soft tissue
firm end feel tissue stretch
patient is in too much pain and you don't reach an end feel empty
to test if a muscle is damaged.. flex, extend, supinate, pronate, rotate
strong and painful grade 1 muscle strain
grade 1 muscle strain muscle or tendon
weak and painful grade 2 muscle strain
grade 2 muscle strain severe lesion at joint or bony structure
weak and painless grade 3 muscle strain
grade 3 muscle strain neurological problem
TAOS Therapeutic associates outcome system
FCE functional capacity examination
most common movement analysis gait
concave-convex bakk and socket joint
convex-concave roll and glide is in the same direction
two kinds of posture static and dynamic
three dimensions of posture side-to-side front-to-back roatation
c shaped spinal curvature concave anteriorly present at birth interact with environment thoracic spine and sacrum primary curvature
concave posteriorly cervical: begins with lifting of child's head lumbar:starts with sitting and walking secondary curvature
a saggital plan curvature with anterior concavity and posterior convexity kyphosis
humpback kyphosis
a saggital plane curvature with posterior concavity with posterior concavity and anterior convexity lordosis
bending backwards lordosis
lateral curvature of the spine always associated with a rotation scoliosis
crooked scoliosis
everyone has these spinal curvatures to some degree, only a problem when they are extreme lordosis and kyphosis
natural limb alignment as a child genu-varum
pes planus subtalar pronation lateral tibial torsion lateral patellar subluxation excessive hip adduction hip medial rotation genu valgum
lateral patella subluxation knees out
tibial varum medial tibial torsion hip lateral rotation hip abduction genu varum
ankle plantar flexion anterior pelvic tilt genurecurvatum
out toeing excessive subtalar supination tibial torsion
twist in bone torsion
poor muscle tone can be found in someone with... down syndrome
one leg longer/foot bigger is an example of bony architecture that would affect posture
hyperextension of the arm and the ability to touch your thumb to your wrist is an example of ligamentous laxity that would affect posture
vision could affect posture because someone with bifocals would cause someone to excessively move their head
hearing could affect posture because if someone has a dominant ear, they are more likely to bend that way
thin body build small, flat joints limited muscle bulk relatively low body weight ectomorphic
sturdy, muscular body build "...preponderance of muscle, bone, and connective tissue, usually of heavy hard physique of rectangular outline" mesomorphic
a wrestler is usually of ______ body type mesomorphic
heavy or fat build large concave/convex joints plenty of bulk endomorphic
sidebending and rotation to opposite directions congenital torticollis
an appreciable lateral convexity caused by specific congenitally anomalous vertabrae congenital scoliosis
failure of the formation of part or all of vertebral segment defects of formation
failure of segmentation defects of segmentation
lateral curvature of the spine in an otherwise healthy child no evidence of underlying neurologic or muscular disorders no developmental anomalies idiopathic scoliosis
most common idiopathic scoliosis because the second curve "fixes" you by keeping you straight double major curve
traditional posture bringing the body parts in close to the line of gravity rigid posture minimizes the moments acting on the body static posture
functional posture constant motion head and neck is upright trunk is upright dynamic posture
diagonal pattern dominant foot behind balance weight with ability to shift chin tuck until uncomfortable, then bring forward to comfort arms at side without slouching standing posture
Created by: elyk01