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Psychology 1 Quiz

1st Psych Quiz

Psychology The scientific study of behavior and mental processes that are affected by ones physical state, mental state and external environment
Applied Psychology The study of psychological issues that have direct practical significance: also, the application of psychological findings
Basic Psychology The study of psychological issues in order to seek knowledge for its own sake rather than for its practical application.
Psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud; study of the unconscious
Theory Group of assumptions that are used to explain something
Hypothesis Specific prediction to a specific outcome in a specific experiment
Objective Test Standardized and used for large groups to make a general assumption.
Projective Test Individually tested to measure the unconscious.
Subjective Tests Measures the quality of responses ex. Essay Tests
Reliability Measures how consistent test information is over time.
Validity Is the test really measuring what it is supposed to measure?
Anonymous Doesnt know you at all
Confidential Knows you but is sworn to secrecy
Biological Perspective A psychological approach that emphasizes bodily events
Learning Perspective A psychological approach that emphasizes how the environment and experience affect a person
Cognitive Perspective A psychological approach that emphasizes a persons mental processes.
Sociocultural Perspective Society or culture influencing a particular problem.
Psychodynamic Perspective Looking at the unconscious side to help solve a problem.
Representative Sample A group of individuals, selected from a population for study, which matches the population on important characteristics such as age and sex.
Confirmation Bias The tendency to look for for or pay attention only to information that confirms ones own beliefs.
Volunteer Bias A shortcoming of findings derived from a sample of volunteers instead of a representative sample; the volunteers may differ from those who did not volunteer.
Random Assignment A procedure for assigning people to experimanetal and control groups in which each individual has the same probability as any other of being assigned to a given group.
Placebo An inactive substance or fake treatment used as a control in an experiment or given by a medical practitioner to a patient.
Single-Blind study An experiment in which subjects do not know whether they are in an experimental or a control group.
Double-Blind Study An experiment in which neither the people being studied nor the individuals running the study know who is in the control group and who is in the experimental group until after the results are tallied.
Cross-sectional Studies A study in which people of different ages are compared at a different time.
Longitudinal Studies A Study in which people are followed and periodically reassessed over a period of time.
1. Infant reflexes 2. Interest in Novelty 3. Desire to Explore 4. Play 5. Basic Cognitive Skills Innate(natural) Human Characteristics
Created by: omfg101
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