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Study Guide II

Drug Fundamentals

You are making a TPN with magnesium sulfate and calcium gluconate (two divalent cations). Which of the following electrolytes in MOST likely to cause an IV incompatibility? Sodium Phosphate, Phosphates
Identify the electrolyte that is restricted in patients with CHF and HTN Sodium Chloride or salt
Two electrolytes often restricted in patients with kidney disease Salt and Postassium
What is the meaning of 5% in pharmacy weight by vol = 5 grams disolved in 100 mL
What drugs are in buffered LIDO and what is the indication of use Sodium Bicarb, increase shelf life and decreases the sting
Which class of drugs are used to DECREASE acid secretion in the stomach H2 antagonist
Drugs used to treat chemo-induced vomiting Aloxi, Marinol, Anzement, Zofran, Kytril
PPIs (Proton Pump Inhibitors) Prilosec, Protonix, Prevacid, Nexium, Aciphex
OTC PPIs Prilosec, Prevacid
H2 BLOCKERS Pepcid, Zantac, Tagamet
OTC H2 BLOCKERS Pepcid, Zantac, Axid, Tagament
Treats diarrhea aluminum salts, Imodium AD, Pepto-Bismol, Lomotil, tincture of opium
How does a Proton Pump Inhibitor work it blocks the final step
How does Carafate work chemical bandaide
How do H2 BLOCKERS work Blocks parietal cells-cannot secrete HCL
How do antacids work Changes water to salt
If an aminoglycoside (gentamicin or tobramycin) is dosed to high, it can build up in which organ Liver
Generic drug names that end with the suffix -prazole are almost always PPIs
Generic drug names that end with the suffix -tidine are almost always H2 Antagonist
What acid is found in your stomach HCl
The large intestines only absorb water and electrolytes
What are buffers used for Changes PH
Ranitidine is generic for Zantac
Serotonin antagonists are frequently prescribed to cancer chemo patients
Rabeprazole is a member of what class of medications PPIs
Which agent is used to treat gastronintestinal inflammatin associated with ulcerative colitis mesalamine
To treat Helicobacter pylori infection with combination therapy, a proton pump inhibitor is often given with any of the following EXCEPT sulfasalazine
Camhorated opium tincture is used for the symptomatic treatment of diarrhea
Scopolamine is often adminstered as a transdermal patch for the treatment of motion sickness
Which drug may interfere with the absorption of aspirin Tagamet
Which medication inhibits the secretion of pepsin and binds to gastric and duodenal ulcers to form a protective layer Carafate (chemical bandaide)
If a patient is experiencing uncomfortable flatulence, what would the pharmacist recommend to the patient Simethicone (mylicon)
Maalox belongs to which drug class Antacids
Which H2 antagonist is known for having many drug-drug interations Tagmet
A drug that neutralizes acid directly without systemic circulation is a antacid
Which class of medication uses surfactants to emulsify and add fluids to fecal matter, making stools easier to pass stool softeners
Drugs that treat IBS bently, donnatal, levsin
What drug does NOT produce antiemetic effects Axid (Reglan, Compazine, Zofran DO)
The first-line therapy for chronic heartburn is which class of medication Antacids
Which prostaglandin analog is used to reduce the risk of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced gastric ulcers Misoprostol (Cytotec)
Which two active pharmaceutical ingredients are found in Lomotil Atropine and diphenoxylate
Created by: Leighlee49