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ccctc test 6 hormone

defenitions for test 6 hormones

QuestionAnswer
synthesized in various tissue types, released and act locally, exert profound changes in the body local hormones
produced by one specific tissue (gland), act throughout the body, and have a regulatory effect systemic hormones
local hormone found in all tissues of the body, causes bronchial constriction, stomach acid secretion, blood vessel dilation, local edema, pain, and itching histamine
group of local hormones that cause a variety of local reactions such as urterine and bronchial contractions and relaxation, decreased gastric secretions, pain and inflammation prostaglandins
Used in the treatment of allergies, rashes, hay fever, motion sickness, nausea, dizziness. the H2 antagonist is used to treat ulcers and reflux disease anti-histamines (histamine antagonist)
What is the mechanism of action and side effects of anti-histamines? mechanism of action--inhibits the action of histamine; side effects--drowsiness, CNS suppression, anti-cholinergic effects
What are the 3 types of anti-histamines we learned: Sedating Antihistamines (type 1), Non-sedating Antihistamines (type 1), and Antihistamine (type 2)
used to protect the brain internally like the skull is used for protecting it externally blood brain barrier
type 1: competitively antagonize histamine at the H1 receptor (block histamine). They cross the blood brain barrier making them a CNS drug. Sedating Antihistamine
Dyphenhydramine Benadryl
Chlorpheniramine Chlor-Trimeton
Hydroxyzine Atarax,Vistaril
Meclizine Antivert
Promethazine Phenergan
Prochlorperazine Compazine
Type 1--do not cross blood brain barrier, no sedation non-sedating Antihistamines
Loratadine Claritin
Fexofenadine Allegra
Cetirizine Zyrtec
What does the D in Allegra D and Claritin D stand for? decongestant
may cause heart palpitations, tends to increase blood pressure, generic for Sudafed pseudoephedrine
Type 2--competitive blockers of histamine at the H2 receptors, those in the stomach used to treat ulcers and reflux disease and heartburn. Antihistamine
Cimetidine Tagamet
Ranitidine Zantac
Famotidine Pepcid
Nizatidine Axid
These groups of drugs are not H2 receptor antagonists and are not antihistamines. their main action is a long-lasting reduction of gastric acid production. They are the most potent inhibitors of acid secretion available today. proton pump inhibitors (PPIs)
what are the uses of proton pump inhibitors (ppis) dyspepsia, peptic ulcer disease (PUD0, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD/GORD), prevention or stress gastritis
what is the mechanism of action for PPIs act by blocking the enzyme system of the gastric cells that secrete gastric acid.
What are the side effects of PPIs headache, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain, dizziness
Omeprazole Prilosec
Lansoprazole Prevacid
Dexlansoprazole Kapidex
Created by: kfpolchies
 

 



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